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Forest Fragmentation and its impacts : A review

산림파편화에 대한 국내·외 연구동향

  • 김은영 (한국환경정책.평가연구원) ;
  • 송원경 (한국환경정책.평가연구원) ;
  • 이동근 (서울대학교 조경.지역시스템공학부)
  • Received : 2012.03.12
  • Accepted : 2012.04.19
  • Published : 2012.04.30

Abstract

Habitat loss and fragmentation are ongoing major anthropogenic impacts on landscapes, which can strongly affect ecosystems, populations and species. The studies on forest fragmentation have been progressed, but the studies on definition of forest fragmentation and their synthetic trend in South Korea still leaves much to be desired. Therefore we set the definition of forest fragmentation and reviewed the related papers. We can give a definition that forest fragmentation is not only a process of spatial landscape transformation, but also a process of ecosystem change by it. The trend of studies on forest fragmentation divided into two fields, landscape and ecosystem changes. Forest fragmentation caused by land change altered the composition and configuration of forest patches. Most studies related on that analyzed the change using landscape index. The effects of forest fragmentation on ecosystem subdivided into three fields : biodiversity, edge effects, and invasive species, but the studies in South Korea is short. The study on relations between forest fragmentation and ecosystem change is necessary to face the Convention on Biological Diversity in South Korea. In addition, the fundamental studies on biodiversity is important to mitigate against forest fragmentation.

Keywords

Urbanization;Landscape change;Biodiversity;Edge effects;Invasive species;Convention on Biological Diversity

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산림청

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