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Analysis of factors associated with oral care self-efficacy in the type 2 diabetic patients

제2형 당뇨병 환자에서 구강관리 자기효능감과의 관련요인

  • Kang, Hui-Eun (Graduate School of Public Health, Gachon University) ;
  • Choi, Jun-Seon (Dept. of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Science, Gachon University)
  • 강희은 (가천대학교 보건대학원) ;
  • 최준선 (가천대학교 치위생학과)
  • Received : 2012.09.17
  • Accepted : 2012.12.22
  • Published : 2012.12.30

Abstract

Objectives : The aim of this study was to investigate the factor-related oral care self-efficacy among the type 2 diabetic patients. Methods : Questionnaire was conducted with 174 Type 2 diabetic patients from 9th January to 9th March in 2012. The following conclusion was obtained as a result of carrying out t-test and one-way ANOVA analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Results : 1. Analysis of the level of each item concerning oral care self-efficacy showed tooth brushing self-efficacy was $13.3{\pm}2.9$, the highest of all. 2. The factor that was most highly related with oral care self-efficacy was oral health behaviors(${\beta}=0.474$). The other factors were found to be expected duration of diabetes(${\beta}=-0.205$), self-assessed physical health(${\beta}=0.177$) and oral health(${\beta}=0.111$) in such order (p<0.05). Conclusions : Diabetes causes a variety of complications in the mouth, and therefore it is very important to practice oral care activity in order to oral health promotion. This study showed oral care self-efficacy appeared to be the greatest factor of relevance in practicing oral care activity. So, dental hygienist is obliged to keep on motivating so that the patient may maintain the oral care activity for him/herself. Also, a study on various intervention methods to improve oral care self-efficacy should be continued.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 가천대학교

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