Development of the Reference Korean Female Voxel Phantom

한국인 기준여성 체적소형 모의체 개발

  • Received : 2012.01.31
  • Accepted : 2012.02.29
  • Published : 2012.03.30


The objective of this study is for development of the reference Korean female phantom, HDRK-Woman. The phantom was constructed by adjusting a Korean woman voxel phantom to the Reference Korean data. The Korean woman phantom had been developed based on the high-resolution color slice images obtained from an adult Korean female cadaver. There were a total of 39 organs including the 27 organs specified in ICRP 103 for effective dose calculation. The voxel resolution of the phantom was $1.976{\times}1.976{\times}2.0619\;mm^3$ and the voxel array size is $261{\times}109{\times}825$ in the x, y and z directions. Then, the voxel resolution was changed to $2.0351{\times}2.0351{\times}2.0747\;mm^3$ for adjustment of the height and total bone mass of the phantom to the Reference Korean data. Finally, the internal organs and tissue were adjusted using in-house software program developed for 3D volume adjustment of the organs and tissue. The effective dose values of HDRK phantoms were calculated for broad parallel photon beams using MCNPX Monte Carlo code and compared with those of ICRP phantoms.


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. International Commission on Radiological Protection. The 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 103. Oxford; Elsevier Press. 2007.
  2. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Adult reference computational phantoms. ICRP Publication 110. Oxford; Elsevier Press. 2009.
  3. Kim CH, Choi SH, Jeong JH, Lee C, Chung MS. HDRK-Man: a whole-body voxel model based on high-resolution color slice images of a Korean adult male cadaver. Phys. Med. Biol. 53(15): 4093-4106; 2008.
  4. Park S, Lee J, Kim JI, Lee YJ, Lim YK, Kim CS, Lee C. In vivo organ mass of Korean adults obtained from whole-body magnetic resonance data. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 118(3):275-279; 2005.
  5. Zankl M, Becker J, Fill U and Petoussi-Henss N. GSF male and female adult voxel models representing ICRP reference man - the present status. Proceedings of The Monte Carlo Method: Versatility Unbounded in a Dynamic Computing World. Chattanooga, TN, American Nuclear Society, A Grange Park, USA. 2005.
  6. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Basic anatomical and physiological data for use in radiological protection: the skeleton. ICRP Publication 70. Oxford; Pergamon Press. 1994.
  7. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Basic anatomical and physiological data for use in radiological protection: Reference values. ICRP Publication 89. Oxford; Pergamon Press. 2001.
  8. International Atomic Energy Agency. Compilation of anatomical, physiological and metabolic characteristics for a reference asian man. IAEA-TECDOC-1005. 1998.
  9. Pelowitz DB, ed. MCNPX user's manual version 2.5.0. LA-CP-05-0369. 2005.
  10. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Conversion coefficients for use in radiological protection against external radiation. ICRP Publication 74. Oxford; Pergamon Press. 1996.
  11. Kim CH, Jeong JH, Bolch WE, Cho K, Hwang SB. A polygon-surface reference Korean male phantom (PSRK-Man) and its direct implementation in Geant4 Monte Carlo simulation. Phys. Med. Biol. 56:3137-3161; 2011.
  12. Jeong JH, Cho S, Cho K, Kim CH. Deformation of the Reference Korean voxel model and its effect on dose calculation. J. Radiat. Prot. 33(4):167-172; 2008.
  13. Choi SH, Jeong JH, Cho S, Chung MS, Huh HD, Kim WC, Cho K, Kim CH. Construction of a high-quality voxel model VKH-Man using serially sectioned images from Visible Korean Human project in Korea. J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. S5:179-182; 2008.

Cited by

  1. An effective dose assessment technique with NORM added consumer products using skin-point source on computational human phantom vol.118, 2016,