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Influences of Seleniferous Whole Crop Barley Supplement on Growth Performance and Blood Characteristics in Growing Pigs

셀레늄함유 청보리 급여가 육성돈의 생산성 및 혈액성상에 미치는 영향

  • Lee, Sung-Hoon (Gyeongsangnamdo Livestock Promotion Research Institute) ;
  • Jo, Ik-Hwan (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • Kim, Guk-Won (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • HwangBo, Soon (Department of Animal Resources Science, Daegu University) ;
  • Han, Ouk-Kyu (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Song, Tae-Hwa (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Park, Tae-Il (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, In-Bae (National Institute of Crop Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • Received : 2012.01.02
  • Accepted : 2012.02.29
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate effects of different levels of seleniferous whole crop barley (WCB) supplementation on performance, and blood characteristics as physiological responses in growing pigs. A total of 20 cross-bred pigs ((Landrace ${\times}$ Yorkshire) ${\times}$ Duroc) were divided into 4 treatments of 5 pigs each and experimental period lasted for 6 weeks. They were fed diets containing 0.1 (non-seleniferous WCB as controls), 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 mg/kg levels of selenium (Se) by supplementing seleniferous WCB, and non-seleniferous or seleniferous WCB was formulated to 5% level in total ration. The diets were isonitrogenous (18% crude protein) and isocaloric (3,500 kcal/kg digestible energy) across treatments. Increasing levels of seleniferous WCB supplements did not affect feed intake and BW gain, and blood total protein concentration was (p<0.05) significantly higher for 0.2 mg/kg Se treatments than for controls. On d 14, blood albumin concentration was higher (p<0.05) for seleniferous WCB supplemented groups than for control group. Contrarily, blood glucose concentration was tended to be higher for controls than for seleniferous WCB groups. Blood total lipid concentration was significantly (p<0.05) lowered with increasing levels of seleniferous WCB. Serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase did not have any difference among treatments. It was tended that blood total cholesterol and triglyceride were lowered with increasing levels of seleniferous WCB. Blood Se concentration was significantly (p<0.05) increased with increasing levels of seleniferous WCB. The results indicate that Se present in seleniferous WCB had favorable effects on blood characteristics and blood Se increased by supplementing seleniferous WCB implies not only a good intestinal absorption of Se present in WCB but also the possibility of Se transfer into tissues.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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