# A Study on the Hot Spot Temperature in 154kV Power Transformers

• Kweon, Dong-Jin ;
• Koo, Kyo-Sun ;
• Woo, Jung-Wook ;
• Kwak, Joo-Sik
• Received : 2011.07.19
• Accepted : 2012.02.03
• Published : 2012.05.01
• 68 14

#### Abstract

The life of a power transformer is dependent on the life of the cellulose paper, which influenced by the hot spot temperature. Thus, the determination of the cellulose paper's life requires identifying the hot spot temperature of the transformer. Currently, however, the power transformer uses a heat run test is used in the factory test to measure top liquid temperature rise and average winding temperature rise, which is specified in its specification. The hot spot temperature is calculated by the winding resistance detected during the heat run test. This paper measures the hot spot temperature in the single-phase, 154kV, 15/20MVA power transformer by the optical fiber sensors and compares the value with the hot spot temperature calculated by the conventional heat run test in the factory test. To measure the hot spot temperature, ten optical fiber sensors were installed on both the high and low voltage winding; and the temperature distribution during the heat run test, three thermocouples were installed. The hot spot temperature shown in the heat run test was $92.6^{\circ}C$ on the low voltage winding. However, the hot spot temperature as measured by the optical fiber sensor appeared between turn 2 and turn 3 on the upper side of the low voltage winding, recording $105.9^{\circ}C$. The hot spot temperature of the low voltage winding as measured by the optical fiber sensor was $13.3^{\circ}C$ higher than the hot spot temperature calculated by the heat run test. Therefore, the hot spot factor (H) in IEC 60076-2 appeared to be 2.0.

#### Keywords

Power transformer;Life;Hot spot;Temperature;Optical fiber sensor

#### References

1. Susa, D. and Nordman, H., "A Simple Model for Calculating Transformer Hot-Spot Temperature," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 24, pp.1257-1265, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2009.2022670
2. G. Sliter, "Life Cycle Management Planning Source books(Volume 4: Large Power Transformers) Final Report," EPRI, March 2003.
3. IEEE C57.91, "IEEE Guide for loading mineral-oilimmersed transformers", 1995.
4. Bicen, Y., et. al., "An assessment on aging model of IEEE/IEC standards for natural and mineral oilimmersed transformer," IEEE International Conference on Dielectric Liquids, pp.1-4, 2011.
5. Jian Li, et. al., "Hot spot temperature models based on top-oil temperature for oil immersed transformers," IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, pp.55-58, 2009.
6. Ruijin Liao, "A comparative study of thermal aging of transformer insulation paper impregnated in natural ester and in mineral oil," European Transactions on Electrical Power, 2009.
7. IEC 60076-7, "Loading guide for oil immersed power transformers", 2005.
8. JEC-2200, "Transformers", 1995.
9. Technical Standards of KEPCO (ES)-6120-0001, "154kV Power Transformers", 2009.
10. KS C IEC 60076-1, "Power Transformers - Part 1: General", 2002.
11. KS C IEC 60076-2, "Power Transformers - Part 2: Temperature rise", 2002.
12. IEC 60076-2, "Temperature rise for liquid-immersed transformers", 2011.

#### Cited by

1. Effects of voltage harmonic on losses and temperature rise in distribution transformers vol.12, pp.2, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-gtd.2017.0498
2. Simulation Study on HST Distribution for ONAN Oil-Filled Transformer vol.785, pp.1662-7482, 2015, https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.785.269