Seasonal variation in species composition of catch by a coastal beam trawl in Jinhae Bay and Jinju Bay, Korea

진해만과 진주만에서 새우조망으로 어획된 수산자원의 계절변동

  • Song, Mi-Young (Inland Fisheries Research Institute, NFRDI) ;
  • Kim, Joo Il (Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute, NFRDI) ;
  • Kim, Sung Tae (Fisheries Resources Research Division, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Lee, Jong Hee (Fisheries Resources Research Division, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Lee, Jae Bong (Dokdo Fisheries Research Center, NFRDI)
  • 송미영 (국립수산과학원 중앙내수면연구소) ;
  • 김주일 (국립수산과학원 남동해수산연구소) ;
  • 김성태 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 이종희 (국립수산과학원 자원관리과) ;
  • 이재봉 (국립수산과학원 독도수산연구센터)
  • Received : 2012.10.23
  • Accepted : 2012.11.25
  • Published : 2012.11.30


The species composition and seasonal variation of fisheries resources in Jinhae bay and Jinju bay, were studied using shrimp beam trawl through a year of 2010. During the study period, a total of 117 species were collected in Jinhae bay. Species included were 63 species in Pisces and 24 in Crustacea. And a total of 106 species were collected in Jinju bay. Species included were 57 species in Pisces and 31 in Crustacea. The dominant species were Zoarces gilli, Crangon hakodatei and Oratosquilla oratoria in Jinhae bay, and Crangon hakodatei, Leiognathus nuchalis and Charybdis bimaculata in Jinju bay. The samples were mainly grouped according to the location and season on the SOM. Group 1 with sample sites in Jinju bay, was characterized by high values of Parapenaeopsis tenella, Leiognathus nuchalis and Hexagrammos otakii. Group 2 with sample sites in April, were dominant Crangon hakodatei and Luidia quinaria. The samples in Group 3 were high values of Charybdis bimaculata and Pleuronichthys cornutus. Group 4 with sample sites in Jinhae bay, was characterized by high densities of Zoarces gilli and Pholis fangi. The dominant species, Crangon hakodatei, were catched egg-bearing females until June. Zoarces gilli and Leiognathus nuchalis were presented small size individuals during study period. It represented that study area is an important role in spawning and nursery ground for fisheries resources.


Fisheries resources;Shrimp beam trawl;Self-organizing map (SOM);Jinhae bay;Jinju bay


Supported by : 국립수산과학원


  1. Choi JH, Kim JN, Kim ST and Cha HK. 2002. Population dynamics of Crangon hakodatei from coastal area of Geoje Island, Korea. J Korean Fish Soc 35, 380-385.
  2. Chon TS, Park YS, Moon KH and Cha EY. 1996. Patternizing communities by using an artificial neural network. Ecol Model 90, 69-78.
  3. Chyung MK. 1977. The Fishes of Korea. ILJISA, Seoul,
  4. Hong SJ, Lee WC, Park JS, Oh HT, Yoon SP, Kim HC and Kim DM. 2007. Ecological modeling for estimation of autochthonous COD in Jinhae bay. J of Enviro Sci 16, 959-971.
  5. Hong SY. 2006. Marine Invertebrates in Korean Coasts. Academy Publ. Co., Seoul, Korea, 482.
  6. Huh SH and An YR. 2000. Species composition and seasonal variation of fish assemblage in the coastal water off Gadeok-do, Korea. J Korean Fish Soc 33, 288-301.
  7. Huh SH, Han MI, Hwang SJ, Park JM and Paik KE. 2011. Seasonal variation in species composition and abundance of larval fish assemnlages in the Southwestern Jinhae bay, Korea. Kor J Ichthyol 23, 37-45.
  8. Huh SH and Kwak SN. 1998. Seasonal variation in species composition of fishes collected by an otter trawl in the coastal water off Namhae Island. Kor J Ichthyol 10, 11-23.
  9. Hyun K, Song MY, Kim S and Chon TS. 2005. Using an artificial neural network to patternize long-term fisheries data from South Korea. Aquat Sci 67, 382-389.
  10. Im KH, Shin HC, Yoon SM and Koh CH. 2007. Assessment of benthic environment based on macrobenthic community analysis in Jinhae bay, Korea. J Korean Soc Oceanogr 12, 9-23.
  11. Im YJ. 2007. Species composition and abundance of fish collected by otter trawl in the eastern Yellow Sea. Ph.D. Thesis, Inha University, Korea, 1-106.
  12. Kang CK, Baik MS, Kim JB and Lee PY. 2002. Seasonal and spatial distribution of soft-bottom Polychaetes in Jinju bay of the Southern Coast of Korea. Kor J Fish Aquat Sci 35, 35-45.
  13. Kang CK, Choy EJ, Kim YS and Park HJ. 2009. ${\delta}^{13}C$ evidence for the importance of local benthic producers to fish nutrition in the inner bay systems in the Southern Coast of Korea. J Korean Soc Oceanogr 14, 56-62.
  14. Kang MH and Lee IC. 2010. Annual variations in fisheries productivity index in Jinhae bay. Kor J Fish Aquat Sci 43, 547-550.
  15. Kim IS, Choi Y, Lee CL, Lee YJ, Kim BJ and Kim JH. 2005. Illustrated Book of Korean Fishes. Kyohak Publ., Seoul, Korea, 615.
  16. Kim JG, Park CK and Shin SG. 1995. The eutrophication modelling for Jinhae bay in summer-Simulation of phytoplankton distribution by ecosystem model -. J of KSEE 17, 121-135.
  17. Kim SK, Kim JH and Park CD. 1999. Studies on the growth and environmental development for the protection-nourishment of fisheries resources -1. Distribution of demersal fishes in the Chinhae bay, Korea-. Jour Fish Mar Sci Edu 11, 98-113.
  18. Kim YO, Shim WJ and Yum KD. 2007. Implications for coastal ecosystem health assessments and their application in Korea. Ocaen and Polar Research 29, 319-326.
  19. Kohonen T. 2001. Self-organizing Maps. 3rd ed. Springer, Berlin, Germany, 501.
  20. Lee DI, Park DS, Jeon KA, Eom KH, Park JS and Kim GY. 2009. Preliminary diagnosis of fishing ground environment for establishing the management system in fisheries resources protection area. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety 15, 79-89.
  21. Lee IC, Oh YJ and Kim HT. 2008. Annual variation in oxygen-deficient water mass in Jinhae bay, Korea. J kor Fish Soc 41, 134-139.
  22. Lee JH, Lee JB, Kim JN, Lee DW, Shin YJ and Chang DS. 2009. Seasonal species composition of marine organism collected by a shrimp beam trawl in Nakdong River Estuary, Korea. Kor J Ichthyol 21, 177-190.
  23. Lek S, Scardi M, Verdonschot P, Descy J and Park YS. 2005. Modelling community structure in freshwater ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 518.
  24. MAF (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry). 1998. Studies on the Effect of Red Clay on Arkshell (Scapharca broughtonii) Culturing Grounds. Seoul, 199
  25. Min DG. 2004. Mollusks in Korea. Min Molluscan Research Institute, 566.
  26. NFRDI. 2001. Shrimps of the Korean Waters. MOMAF, Natl Fish Res Dev Inst, 188.
  27. NFRDI. 2002. Fishing gear of Korea. MOMAF, Natl Fish Res Dev Inst, 579.
  28. NFRDI. 2004. Commercial fishes of the coastal and offshore waters in Korea. 2nd ed. Natl. Fish Res Dev Inst, 333.
  29. NFRDI. 2005. Ecology and fishing ground. National Fisheries Research & Development Institute. Res. Dev. Inst., 1-383.
  30. NFRDI. 2006. Commercial Cephalopods of the world-An Illustrated Guide-MOMAF, Natl Fish Res Dev Inst,
  31. Oh SJ, Lee JS, Park JS, Noh IH and Yoon YH. 2008. Environmental factor on the succession of phytoplankton community in Jinju bay, Korea. J KOSMEE 11, 98-104.
  32. Paik SG and Yun SG. 2000. Community structure of the macrobenthos in Chinhae bay, Korea. J Korean Fish Soc 33, 572-580.
  33. Park YS, Cereghino R, Compin A and Lek S. 2003. Applications of artificial neural networks for patterning and predicting aquatic insect species richness in running waters. Ecol Model 160, 265-280.
  34. Park YS, Song MY, Park YC, Oh KH, Cho E and Chon TS. 2007. Community patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates collected on the national scale in Korea. Ecol Model 203, 26-33.
  35. Seo YI, Joo H, Lee SK, Kim HY, Ko JC, Choi MS, Kim JI and Oh TY. 2010. Maturity and spawning of Marbled Sole Pleuronectes yokohamae in the Southern Sea of Korea. Kor J Ichthyol 22, 83-89.
  36. Shannon CE and Weaner W. 1949. The mathematical theory of communication. Illionis University Press, USA, 117.
  37. Soh HY and Choi SD. 2004. Species composition and occurrence patterns of zooplankton in Jinhae bay. Korean J Environ Biol 22, 43-56.
  38. Song MY, Sohn MH, Im YJ, Kim JB, Kim H, Yeon I and Hwang HJ. 2008. Seasonal variation in the species composition of bag-net catch from the coastal waters of Incheon, Korea. J Kor Fish Soc 41, 272-281.

Cited by

  1. Catches characteristics between fishing area and non-fishing area in the shrimp beam trawl of Geoje waters, Korea vol.49, pp.4, 2013,
  2. An acoustic and trawl pilot survey using a small vessel in Jinhae bay of the South Sea of South Korea vol.52, pp.1, 2016,
  3. Effects on bycatch reduction in a shaking cod end generated by canvas in a shrimp beam trawl vol.50, pp.3, 2014,