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Catching efficiency of biodegradable trammel net for swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) in the Yeonpyeong fishing ground of Korea

연평어장에서 생분해성 꽃게 삼중자망의 어획성능

  • Received : 2012.07.30
  • Accepted : 2012.11.26
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

To study the catching efficiency of biodegradable trammel net for swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus), three types (biodegradable, monofilament and multifilament) of trammel nets were used in the field test, and the tests were carried out 16 times with two different mesh sizes (105mm and 160mm) in the Yeonpyeong fishing ground of Korea, 2009~2011. The catching efficiency of three type nets was analyzed by catch in number, catch in weight and average weight per individual of small and large size swimming crab by net types and mesh sizes. Statistical T-test was also carried out to verify the efficiency between the three types of nets. The results are as follows. The catch in number of swimming crab was 24,667 and formed about 81.0% of total catch. Of all swimming crab catch, small swimming crabs with less than 64mm in carapace length which is a prohibited landing size by law formed 48.1%, larger swimming crabs with more than 64mm in carapace length which is a landing size formed 51.9%. In 105mm mesh size trammel net test, the catch share in number of small size swimming crab by biodegradable trammel net was 47.5% in comparison with multifilament trammel net and 74.2% in comparison with monofilament trammel net, so biodegradable trammel net has more protective effects on small size swimming crab than other types of trammel nets. The protective effects for small size swimming crab by biodegradable trammel net was 25.8~52.5% in comparison with other types of trammel nets. The catch share in weight of large size swimming crab by biodegradable trammel net was 98.3% in comparison with multifilament trammel net and 92.3% in comparison with monofilament trammel net, so biodegradable trammel net has a similar catch efficiency to multifilament trammel net. The results of 160mm mesh size trammel net test have shown similar results of 105mm mesh size trammel net test. This study shows that biodegradable trammel net is a more useful fishing gear than multifilament and monofilament trammel net because biodegradable trammel net has lower catch rate than other types of nets in small size swimming crab and similar catch rate than multifilament trammel net which is a well used net by fishermen.

Keywords

Trammel net;Swimming crab;Biodegradable net;Catching efficiency;Monofilament net;Multifilament net

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  1. Catch and cluster analysis according to net materials of gillnet for the Pacific herring in the coastal waters of Samcheok, Korea vol.51, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2015.51.3.348
  2. Development of the submerged heat treatment machine for PBSAT(polybutylene succinate adipate–co–terephthalate) monofilament nets and its efficiency vol.51, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2015.51.1.094
  3. Effects of steam heat treatment conditions on the swelling and physical properties of PBS (polybutylene succinate) copolymer monofilament gill net vol.50, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2014.50.3.274
  4. Catching efficiency of biodegradable trap for swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) in the western sea of Korea vol.50, pp.3, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2014.50.3.262

Acknowledgement

Grant : 환경 수산자재 및 어구어법 개발

Supported by : 국립수산과학원