DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effects of Self-management on Supervisory Behaviors at a Construction Site

자기-관리 기법이 건설 현장 일선 관리자들의 안전 관리 행동에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2012.08.09
  • Accepted : 2012.11.23
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

This study implemented self-management technique to improve supervisory behaviors at a construction site. Self-management in the current study consisted of goal setting, self-monitoring and providing reward for two supervisory behaviors; (1) conducting safety observations of workers safety behavior and (2) providing safe related feedback. Two supervisors severed as participants. An AB within-group design was adopted. After baseline(A), self-management technique was implemented(B). Results suggested that self-management was effective in increasing the two supervisory behaviors. Moreover, the increased supervisory behaviors were associated with improvement in workers' safety performance.

Keywords

supervisory behavior;self-management;goal-setting;self-monitoring;reward

References

  1. B. Fernandez-Muniz, J. M. Montes-Peon1, C. J. Vazquez-ordas, "Safety Climate in OHSAS 18001- certified Organisations: Antecedents and consequences of safety behaviour" Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 45, pp. 745-758, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2011.10.002
  2. S. Cook and T. McSween, "The Role of Supervisors in Behavioral Safety Observations" Professional Safety, Vol. 45, No. 10, pp. 33-36, 2000.
  3. S. Tuncel, H. Lotlikar, S. Salem, N. Daraishe, "Effectiveness of Behavior Based Safety Interventions to Reduce Accidents and Injuries in Workplace: Critical Appraisal and Meta-analysis" Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 191-209, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1080/14639220500090273
  4. R. A. Reber, J. A. Wallin, J. S. Chhokar, "Improving Safety Performance with Goal-setting and Feedback" Human Performance, Vol. 3, pp. 51-61, 1990. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327043hup0301_4
  5. M. D. Cooper, R. A. Phillips, V. J. Sutherland and P. J. Makin, "Reducing Accidents using Goal-setting and Feedback: A Field Study" Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 67, pp. 219-240, 1994. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1994.tb00564.x
  6. J. H. Williams and E. S. Geller, "Behavior-based Intervention for Occupational Safety: Critical Impact of Social Comparison Feedback" Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 135-442, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4375(00)00030-X
  7. J. A. Hermann, G. V. Ibarra and B. L. Hopkins, "A Safety Program that Integrated Behavior-based Safety and Traditional Safety Methods and its Effects on Injury Rates of Manufacturing Workers" Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 6-25, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1080/01608060903472445
  8. H. Laitinen and I. Ruohomaki, "The Effects of Feedback and Goal Setting on Safety Performance at Two Construction Site" Safety Science, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 61-73, 1996. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-7535(96)00070-7
  9. G. Luria, D. Zohar and I. Erev, "The Effect of Workers'Visibility on Effectiveness of Intervention Program: Supervisory-based Safety Interventions" Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 39, pp. 273-280, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2007.12.003
  10. D. Zohar, "Modifying Supervisory Practices to Improve Subunit Safety: A Leadership-Based Intervention Model" Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 156-163, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.1.156
  11. D. Zohar and G. Luria, "The Use of Supervisory Practices as Leverage to Improve Safety Behavior: A Cross-level Intervention Model" Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 567-577, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsr.2003.05.006
  12. J. L. Komaki, "Leadership from an Operant Perspective" New York: Routledge, 1998.
  13. M. D. Cooper, "Exploratory Analysis of the Effects of Managerial Support and Feedback Consequences on Behavioral Safety Maintenance" Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 1-41, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1300/J075v26n03_01
  14. A. C. Daniels and J. E. Daniels, "Performance Management: Changing behavior that Drives Organizational Effectiveness" Tucker, GA: Performance Management Publilcation, 2004.
  15. A. D. Stajkovic and F. Luthans, " Meta-analysis of the Effects of Organizational Behavior Modification on Task Performance, 1975-95" Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 40, pp. 1122-1149, 1997. https://doi.org/10.2307/256929
  16. J. S. Hickman and E. S. Geller, "Self-Management to Increase Safe Driving Among Short-Haul Truck Drivers" Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 1-20, 2003.
  17. M. J. Mahoney, "The Self-management of Covert Behavior A Case Study" Behavior Therapy, Vol. 2, pp. 575-578, 1971. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(71)80106-5
  18. M. J. Mahoney, "Research Issues in Self-management" Behavior Therapy, Vol. 3, pp. 45-63, 1972. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-7894(72)80051-0
  19. E. S. Geller and S. W. Clarke, "Safety Self-management: A Key Behavior-based Process for Injury Prevention" Professional Safety, Vol. 44, No. 7, pp. 29-33, 1999.
  20. J. Barlow, C. Wright, J. Sheasby, A. Turner and J. Hainsworth, "Self-management Approaches for People with Chronic Conditions: a Review" Patient Education and Counseling, Vol. 48, pp. 177-187, 2002. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0738-3991(02)00032-0
  21. A. M. Briesch and S. M. Chafouleas, "Review and Analysis of Literature on Self-Management Interventions to Promote Appropriate Classroom Behaviors (1988-2008)" School Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 106-118, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016159
  22. J. S. Hickman and E. S. Geller, "A safety self-management intervention for mining operations" Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 34, pp. 299-308, 2003. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-4375(03)00032-X
  23. B. Sulzer-Azaroff and D. Fellner, "Searching for Performance Target in the Behavioral Analysis of Occupational Health and Safety: An Assessment Strategy" Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 53-65, 1984. https://doi.org/10.1300/J075v06n02_09
  24. R. O. Nelson and S. C. Hayes, "Theoretical Explanations for Reactivity in Self-monitoring" Behavior Modification, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 3-14, 1981. https://doi.org/10.1177/014544558151001
  25. J. Cohen, "Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences" New York: Academics Press, 1988.
  26. 한국산업안전보건공단, "산업재해조사개요" 2011.
  27. S. J. Guastello, "Do We Really Know How Well Our Occupational Accident Prevention Program Work?" Safety Science, Vol. 16, pp. 445-463, 1993. https://doi.org/10.1016/0925-7535(93)90064-K
  28. E. S. Geller, "The Psychology of Safety Handbook" Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2001.
  29. J. Krispin and D. A. Hantula, " Meta-analysis of Behavioral Safety Intervention in Organizations" Paper Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Academy of Management, Philadelphia, PA, 1996.
  30. H. W. Heinrich, D. Petersen and N, Roos, "Industrial Accident Prevention" New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1980.
  31. National Academy of Public Administration, "Firstl-ine Supervisors in the Federal Service: Their Selection, Development and Management. Report 2 of the 21st Century Federal Manager Series" Washington, DC: National Academy of Public Administration, 2003.