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Investigation of KIT Gene Polymorphisms in Korean Cattle

  • Hoque, Md. Rashedul (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hwan (Hanwoo Experiment Station, National Institute of Animal Science, R.D.A.) ;
  • Lim, Da-Jeong (Animal Genome and Bioinformatics Division, National Institute of Animal Science) ;
  • Cho, In-Cheol (National Institute of Animal Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Choi, Nu-Ri (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Seo, Dong-Won (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Jun-Heon (Department of Animal Science and Biotechnology, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2012.09.25
  • Accepted : 2012.12.03
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

KIT gene is the major causative gene for coat color variation in diverse animal species. This gene regulates melanocyte migration from the neural crest to target tissues and the mutation of this gene can affect dominant white phenotypes in animals. Because this gene has a major influence for the coat color variation, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 14 Korean cattle (Hanwoo) and 5 Holstein individuals were investigated. The Hanwoo DNA samples included three different colored (5 Black, 5 Yellow and 4 Stripe) animals. Total 126 polymorphisms have been identified and 23 of them are located in the exon region. Also, 5 bp (TTCTC) and 3 bp (TCT) intronic indels in intron 3 and intron 5, respectively, were identified. Out of 23 exonic polymorphisms, 15 SNPs are the missense mutations and the rest of the SNPs are silence mutations. The neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree was constructed for the different colored animals using the obtained KIT gene sequences. Holstein breed showed a clear breed-specific cluster in the phylogenetic tree which is differed from Hanwoo. Also, three colored Hanwoo animals were not discriminated among the breeds. The KIT gene polymorphisms identified in this study will possibly give some solutions for the color variations in cattle with further verifications.

Keywords

Coat color;KIT gene;Korean cattle;Phylogenetic analysis

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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