Estimation of Growth Curve Parameters for Body Weight and Length in Miniature Pigs

  • Kang, Hyun Sung (Department of Animal Science, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Nam, Ki Chang (Department of Animal Science, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Cabling, Meriam M. (Department of Animal Science, Sunchon National University) ;
  • Lee, Myeong Seop (Medi Kinetics) ;
  • Choi, Te Jung (National Institute of Animal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yoon, Jong Taek (Department of Animal Life Research, Hankyong National University) ;
  • Seo, Kang Seok (Department of Animal Science, Sunchon National University)
  • Received : 2012.08.08
  • Accepted : 2012.12.13
  • Published : 2012.12.31


This study was conducted to estimate the growth curve parameters for the body weight (BW) and body length (BL) of miniature pigs in Korea. Growth curve parameters were estimated through a nonlinear regression model using Gompertz, Logistic, and von Bertalanffy methods. A total of 25 piglets were measured monthly from birth up to 15 months of age to estimate both body weight and length. Results showed that the estimated average values for the body weight (body length) were 31.83 kg (58.77 cm) for the mature weight (A), 3.06 (1.74) for the growth ratio (${\beta}$), and 0.28 (0.52) for the maturing rate (${\kappa}$). Average inflection points showing maximum growth rate estimated each month for body weight were 3.97 kg and 11.70 cm, while for the body length were 1.06 kg and 21.61 cm. Moreover, the estimated maturation rates of the body weight and length for the group of Sire 1 were 0.22 and 0.40 respectively, whereas for the group of Sire 2 these values were 0.34 and 0.39. On the other hand, for the groups of Dam 1, Dam 2, and Dam 3, maturation rates for their body weights were 0.26, 0.28 and 0.33 respectively, while for their body lengths these values were 0.43, 0.37, and 0.38, respectively. The study also indicated a negative relationship between the values of mature weight and maturity rate for the body weight will result to a higher inflection point which is in contrast for the body length where results show that a positive relationship between the values of mature length and the maturity rate will result to a higher inflection point. Furthermore, the growth performance of miniature pig varies across stages but using these estimated growth curve parameters could improve the genetic traits of miniature pig.


Growth curve;Gompertz;Mature weight;Miniature pig


Supported by : KOREA Institute of Planning and Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (IPET)


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