DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Structure and Dynamics of Taxus cuspidata Populations

주목(Taxus cuspidata) 개체군의 구조와 동태

  • 전영문 (건국대학교 기후연구소) ;
  • 홍문표 (강릉원주대학교 환경문제연구센터) ;
  • 이나연 (국립공원연구원) ;
  • 서은경 (덕유산국립공원사무소) ;
  • 이승호 (건국대학교 지리학과.기후연구소)
  • Received : 2011.12.27
  • Accepted : 2012.02.14
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

This study analyzed on the characteristics of community structure, species composition, population conditions and annual mean radial growth of Taxus cuspidata in the subalpine zone of the Seoraksan, Deokyusan, and Hallasan National Parks. Deokyusan and Hallasan sites had three layers of stratification structure without tree layer in it and four layer in Seoraksan site. The major dominant species in the order of importance value were as follows: T. cuspidata, Acer tschonoskii var. rubripes, Quercus mongolica, Abies koreana and Sorbus commixta. The trees (> 5 cm DBH) of T. cuspidata were extremely high with 986.0 individuals/ha at the Hallasan site. Average DBH class were 42.0 cm at the Hallasan site and mainly showed large class. The populations of seedlings and saplings with 357.3 individuals/ha, and juvenile with 128.6 individuals/ha, as a succession tree, were found to be the highest at the Hallasan site. In the size frequency distribution, the populations of T. cuspidata in Mt. Halla site showed a reverse J-shaped curve and it was estimated that T. cuspidata community of this site might be maintained continuously as a stable state like present state. Annual mean radial growth of T. cuspidata populations at Seoraksan, Deokyusan, and Hallasan sites showed up as 1.27 mm/year, 0.93 mm/year and 0.89 mm/year respectively.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 기상청

References

  1. Braun-Blanquet, J. 1964, Pflanzensoziologie. Grundzge der Vegetationskunde, 3rd ed. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
  2. Cheju Province. 1985. Report of the Academic Survey of Mt. Halla Natural Preserve. Cheju National Univ, Cheju, Korea (in Korean).
  3. Cheong, C.H., J.Y. Kim and Y.Y. Lee. 1984. Geology of the Soraksan district. In Report of the academic survey of Mt. Sorak. Gangwon Province, Chuncheon, Korea. pp. 429-457 (in Korean).
  4. Cho, D.S. 1994. Community structure, and size and age distribution of conifers in subalpine Korean fir (Abies koreana) forest in Mt. Chiri. Korean J. Ecol. 17:415-424.
  5. Chun, J.I. 1987. Community ecological studies in Taxus cuspidata vegetation at the top of Mt. Sobaek. MA Thesis, Yeungnam Univ. (in Korean).
  6. Chun, Y.M., H.J. Lee and I. Hayashi. 2007. Syntaxonomy and syngeography of Korean red pine (Pinus densiflora) forests in Korea. Korean J. Env. Eco. 21:257-277.
  7. Chun, Y.M., M.P. Hong, J.H. Kwon, J.S. Lee, H.L. Choung and S.H. Lee. 2009. A study on community structure and growth variation of Abies nephrolepis forest in Mt. Seorak. Geographical J. Korea 43:125-137 (in Korean).
  8. Chun, Y.M., S.K. Chung and H.G. Lee. 2011. Distribution and vegetation of Abies koreana. Resource Monitoring of Deogyusan National Park. Deogyusan National Park, Muju, Korea. pp. 169-195 (in Korean).
  9. Han, D.Y. 1988. An ecological study on structure and dynamics of Taxus cuspidata forest at Mt. Taebaek. MA Thesis, Chungbuk National Univ. (in Korean).
  10. Hong, M.P. 2004. Ecological studies on the forest vegetation of Mt. Seorak. Ph.D. Thesis, Konkuk Univ. (in Korean).
  11. Jang, Y.S., C.S. Shin and D.J. Chung. 2004b. Vegetation structure of natural Taxus cuspidata forests in Mt. Soubaik. Korean J. Plant Res. 17:67-74 (in Korean).
  12. Jang, Y.S., D.C. Yang and D.J. Chung. 2004c. Vegetation structure of natural Taxus cuspidata forests in Mt. Duckyoo. Korean J. Plant Res. 17:58-66 (in Korean).
  13. Jang, Y.S., M.Y. Shin and D.J. Chung. 2004a. Phytosociological study on natural forest of Taxus cuspidata in Mt. Hambaek. Korean J. Agricult. Forest Meteorol. 6:30-37 (in Korean).
  14. Kang, S.J and D.Y. Han. 1991. An ecological study on dynamics of Taxus cuspidata forest at Mt. Taebaek. A Collection of Essays Honoring Professor Yang-Jai Yim 1:21-36 (in Korean).
  15. Kang, S.J. 1984. Structure and dynamics of Taxus cuspidata forest at Mt. Sobaek. Nature Conservation 48:31-48 (in Korean).
  16. Kim, C.S. 1995. A study on the botanical and social characteristics of communities of Taxus cuspidata in Mt. Duck-yoo. MA Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. (in Korean).
  17. Kim, G.T. and G.C. Choo. 1999. Studies on the structure of forest community in subalpine zone of Togyusan -Abies koreana forest-. Korean J. Env. Eco. 13:70-77 (in Korean).
  18. Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and G.J. Baek. 1998. Studies on the structure of forest community in subalpine zone of Mt. Halla -Abies koreana forest-. J. Korean For. Soc. 87:366-371 (in Korean).
  19. Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and T.W. Um. 1996. Studies on the structure of forest community at Turobong-Sangwangbong area in Odaesan National Park -Abies nephrolepis and Taxus cuspidata forest-. Korean J. Env. Eco. 10:160-168 (in Korean).
  20. Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and T.W. Um. 1997. Studies on the structure of forest community at Cheonwangbong-Deokpyungbong area in Chirisan National Park -Abies koreana forest-. J. Korean For. Soc. 86:146-157 (in Korean).
  21. Kim, G.T., G.C. Choo and T.W. Um. 2007. Studies on the structure of Abies koreana community at subalpine zone in Hallasan. Kor. J. Env. Eco. 21:161-167 (in Korean).
  22. Kim, G.T., J.S. Kim and G.C. Choo. 1991. Studies on the structure of forest community at Banyabong area -Abies koreana forest-. Appl. Ecol. Res. 5:25-31 (in Korean).
  23. Kim, H.S., S.M. Lee and H.K. Song. 2010. Vegetation structure of the Hyangjeokbong in the Deogyusan National Park. Korean J. Env. Eco. 24:708-722 (in Korean).
  24. Kim, M.Y. 1994. A study on the structural characteristics of communities of Taxus cuspidata in Mt. Hambaik. MA Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. (in Korean).
  25. Kong, W.S. 1998a. The alpine and subalpine geoecology of the Korean Peninsula, Korean J. Ecol. 21:383-387.
  26. Kong, W.S. 1998b. The distributional patterns of alpine plants of Mt. Halla, Cheju Island, Korea. J. Korean Geogr. Soc. 33:191-208 (in Korean).
  27. Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 1999. Distribution of arboreal arctic-alpine plants and environments in NE Asia and Korea. Geogr. Rev. Japan 72:122-134. https://doi.org/10.4157/grj1984b.72.122
  28. Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 2000a. Global warming effects on habitat of plants. Nature Conservation 111:26-31 (in Korean).
  29. Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 2000b. Geoecology on the subalpine vegetation and landscape of Mt. Sorak. J. Korean Geogr. Soc. 35:177-187 (in Korean).
  30. Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 2004. Species composition and distribution of native Korean conifers. J. Korean Geogr. Soc. 39:528-543 (in Korean).
  31. Kong, W.S. and D. Watts. 2005. Selection of vulnerable indicator plants by global warming. J. Korean Meteor. Soc. 41:263-273 (in Korean).
  32. Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA). 2011. http://www.kma.go.kr.
  33. Lee, C.S. and H.J. Cho. 1993. Structure and dynamics of Abies koreana Wilson community in Mt. Gaya. Korean J. Ecol. 16:75-91 (in Korean).
  34. Lee, J.B. 1993. A study on the structural characteristics of communities of Taxus cuspidata in Mt. Soubaik. MA Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. (in Korean).
  35. Lee, T.B. 2003a. Coloured Flora of Korea I. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  36. Lee, T.B. 2003b. Coloured Flora of Korea II. Hyangmunsa, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  37. Lee, W.T. 1996. Standard Illustrations of Korean Plants. Academy Press, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  38. Lee, Y.N. 2006a. New Flora of Korea I. Kyohak Publishing Co., Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  39. Lee, Y.N. 2006b. New Flora of Korea II. Kyohak Publishing Co., Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  40. Lim, J.H. and J.H. Shin. 2005. Forest vegetation shift and plant phenological changes according to global warming. Nature Conservation 130:8-17 (in Korean).
  41. National Geographic Information Institute, 2004. Geography of Korea : Jeolla-do, Jeju, National Geographic Information Institute, Suwon, Korea (in Korean).
  42. Seo, D.J. 1994. Studies on the distribution of population and structure of Taxus cuspidata community in Mt. Sobaek. MA Thesis, Sunchon National Univ. (in Korean).
  43. Yim, Y.J. 1977. III. Distribution of tree species along the thermal gradient. Japanese J. Ecol. 27:177-189.
  44. Yim, Y.J. and S.D. Baik. 1985. The vegetation of Mt. Seolag. Chung-Ang University Press, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).
  45. Yim, Y.J. and T. Kira. 1975. Distribution of forest vegetation and climate in the Korean Peninsula I. Distribution of some indices of thermal climate. Japanese J. Ecol. 25:77-88.
  46. Yim, Y.J., K.S. Paik and N.J. Lee. 1990. The vegetation of Mt. Halla. Chung-Ang Univ. Press, Seoul, Korea (in Korean).