- Volume 12 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Relationships between Knowledge about Early Detection, Cancer Risk Perception and Cancer Screening Tests in the General Public Aged 40 and Over
암 조기발견 지식.암발생 위험성 지각과 암 조기검진 수검 여부와의 관계: 40세 이상 일반인 대상으로
- Yang, Young-Hee (Department of Nursing, Dankook University)
- 양영희 (단국대학교 간호학과)
- Received : 2012.01.05
- Accepted : 2012.02.02
- Published : 2012.02.29
Purpose: This study is to determine knowledge about early detection and risk perception of cancer according to taking cancer screening tests in the general population. Methods: The participants were 151 people aged 40 years or older. A questionnaire consisted of knowledge about early detection (warning signs, cancer screening methods, general knowledge for early detection), cancer risk perception and history of cancer screening during past 2 years. Results: The percentages of correct answers were 64.7% in knowledge about warning signs, 73.7% in knowledge of cancer screening tests and 80.1% in general knowledge for early detection. Participants had the highest knowledge about screening methods for stomach cancer and the lowest for liver and colon cancer. The level of risk perception was medium. The participants who participated in cancer screening showed lower risk perception than those who did not. There was no significant relationship between knowledge and performance of cancer screening. The primary reason for not participating in cancer screening was patient's perception of their own health. Conclusion: These results suggest that cancer risk perception can affect the performance of cancer screening and we need to study how to handle this problem. Additionally screening programs should focus on liver cancer and colon cancer.
Supported by : 단국대학교
- Statistics Korea. 2010 Cause of death and statistics. Available at : http://kostat.go.kr/portal/korea/kor_nw/2/1/index.board?bmode=read&aSeq= 250282 [accessed on 27 December 2011].
- Kim RB, Park KS, Hong DY, Lee CH, Kim JR. Factors Associated with Cancer Screening Intention in Eligible Persons for National Cancer Screening Program. J Prev Med Public Health 2010;43:62-72. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2010.43.1.62
- World Health Organization [WHO]. International Agency for Research on Cancer. World Cancer Report. Geneva;WHO;2003.
- National Cancer Center. National Cancer Control Project. Available at: http://www.ncc.re.kr/ manage/manage12_00.jsp [accessed on 27 December 2011] http://ncc.re.kr/manage/manage12_03.jsp [accessed on 27 December 2011].
- Choe EJ, Kim DJ, Lee WC, Hwang IY. Establishement of an efficient management system for advanced outcome of the National Health Screening Policy (No. 2009-08). The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs 2009.
- The National Health Insurance Corporation [NHIC]. 2010 National Health Screening Statistical Year Book. 2012 January 4. Available at: http://www.nhic.or.kr/portal/site/ main/menuitem [accessed on 9 January 2012].
- National Cancer Center. Cancer statistics. Available at: http://www.cancer.go.kr/ncic/cics_f [accessed on 18 December 2011].
- Ministry of Health & Welfare. Up-raising the cancer survival rate, '67% until 2015' : raising the goal of the second term cancer control plan and enforcing its' management. 2011 July 25. Available at: http://www.mw.go.kr/front/al/sal0301vw.jsp [accessed on 27 December 2011].
- Go JK. Not getting an early cancer screening because of fear of endoscope. JoongAng Ilbo 2008 November 3. Available at: http://live.joinsmsn.com/news/article/article.asp [accessed on 27 May 2010].
- Lee BM. Cancer diagnosis through health screening test, 9 among 10 people have a early staged cancer. Maeil Business News Paper 2010 Jun 22. Avaliable at: http://news.mk.co.kr/newsReadPrint.php [accessed on 23 Jun 2010].
- National Cancer Institute. Cancer trends progress report - 2009/2010 update. Available at: http://cancercontrolplanet.cancer.gov/atlas/progressreport/alacarte [accessed on 28 December 2011].
- National Health Service. Cancer Screening Programmes. Available at: http://www.cancer screening.nhs.uk [accessed on 28 December 2011].
- Cullati S, Charvet-Berard AI, Perneger TV. Cancer screening in a middle-aged general population: factors associated with practices and attitudes. BMC Public Health 2009;9:118-28 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-118
- Ju HO, Kim JS, Cho YS, Park NH, Eo YS, Cho YR, et al. A survey on cancer screening among nurses at general hospital in Busan. Korean J Woman Health Nurs 2003;9:18-27.
- Hwang SK, Eo YS, Cho YR, Sea JM, Lee YM, Jeong IS, et al. A survey on cancer screening among the middle-aged in Pusan area. Korean J Health Educ Promot 2002;19:135-52.
- Lee YS. Seven among 10 people, delayed the early screening for stomach cancer because of no symptoms and a busy life. Kuminilbo, Kukinews 2009 December 19. Available at http://www.vitaminmd.org/news/view [accessed on 27 May 2010].
- Oh EJ, Lee YE, Lee SO. Cervical cancer screeninb behavior and related factors among married women. J Korean Soc Matern Child Health 2010;14:12-23. https://doi.org/10.21896/jksmch.2010.14.1.12
- Rimal RN, Juon HS. Use of the risk perception attitude framework for promoting breast cancer prevention. J Appl Soc Psychol 2010; 40:287-310. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2009.00574.x
- Holtedahl KA. The value of warning signals of cancer in general practice. Scand J Prim Health Care 1987;5:140-3. https://doi.org/10.3109/02813438709013994
- Jeon SJ, Kim GMJ, Kim HK, Park SO, Bae YS, Cho KS, et al. Medical Surgical Nursing. 5th ed. Seoul: Hyunmoon Sa;2009.p.90-1.
- Dolan NC, Ferreira MR, Davis TC, Fitzgibbon ML, Rademaker A, Liu D, et al. Colorectal cancer screening knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among veterans: Does literacy make a difference? J Clin Oncol 2004;22:2617-22. https://doi.org/10.1200/jco.2004.22.14_suppl.2617
- Kwok C, Fethney J, White K. Chinese breast cancer screening beliefs questionnaire: development and psychometric testing with Chinese-Australian women. JAN 2010;66:191-200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05177.x
- Lee KS, Lee WJ, Chang SH. Assessing knowledge level of cancer warning signs in a rural Chungju population. Korean J Rural Med 1998;23:28-38.
- Suh SR, Jung BK, So HS, Tae YS. A study to advance the development of educational programs for the early detection and prevention of the five major cancer in Korea. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs 1998;10:268-80.
- Park KH, Chang SJ, Kim HC, Park EC, Lee ES, Nam CM. Big gap between risk perception for breast cancer and risk factors: nationwide survey in Korea. Patient Educ Couns 2009;76:113-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2008.12.015
- Kim SE, Perez-Stable EJ, Wong S, Gregorich S, Sawaya GF, Walsh JM, et al. Association between cancer risk perception and screening behavior among diverse women. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:728-34. https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.168.7.728
- Park SY, Park CJ, Park JS. The effects of cancer prevention and early detection education on cancer-related knowledge, attitudes, and preventive health behavior of middle-aged women in Korea. J Korean Acad Adult Nurs 2001;13:441-50.
- Park YS, Chung EK, Choi JS, Park KS, Shin MH, Kwon SS, et al. Cancer screening rates and its related factors in a rural and urban communities. J Korean Acad Fam Med 2006;27:21-32.
- Bae SS, Jo HS, Kim DH, Choi YJ, Lee HJ, Lee TJ, et al. Factors associated with gastric cancer screening of Koreans based on a socio-ecological model. J Prev Med Public Health 2008;41:100-6. https://doi.org/10.3961/jpmph.2008.41.2.100
- Park SH, Kim HS, Kim SE, Oh KH, Kim JH, Kim GS. Relationship between adults' optimistic bias about colorectal cancer and life styles. J Korean Acad Public Health Nurs 2009;23:186-98.