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Stress and Coping Strategies of Breast Cancer Patients and their Spouses

유방암 환자와 배우자의 스트레스와 대처방식

  • 차경숙 (가톨릭대학교 성빈센트병원 감염관리실) ;
  • 유양숙 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 조옥희 (제주대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2011.11.25
  • Accepted : 2012.01.07
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the stress and the coping strategies in breast cancer patients and their spouses. Methods: The stress level was measured by the Stress Questionnaire of Andersson & Albertsson (2000). The coping strategies were measured by the modified Lazarus & Folkman's Ways of Coping Questionnaire. The data were collected by a survey sampling 49 couples from one hospital in Seoul. The data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA and paired t-test. Results: There was no significant differences between the stress level of breast cancer patients and their spouses. The problem-focused coping of breast cancer patients was significant higher than their spouses. The cancer patients and their spouses used problem-focused coping mode more than emotion-focused coping mode. In the problem-focused coping mode, breast cancer patients used two coping strategies - 'seeking information' and 'cognitive reconstruction' - significantly more than their spouses. In emotion-focused coping mode, the breast cancer patients used one coping strategy, 'emotional expression', significantly more than the their spouses. Conclusion: Further study needs to attempt to develop nursing interventions that could improve positive coping strategies.

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