Testing the Effectiveness of Multicultural Education Program

다문화교육 프로그램의 효과성 검증

  • Received : 2011.09.20
  • Accepted : 2011.12.01
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

This study was developed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multicultural education program for college students. To this end, the program was designed to offer them a series of twenty lectures for three months, 60 hours in total, and a quasi-experimental design was employed to evaluate the difference between pre-test and post-test scores of participants of both experimental group(N=45, Mdiff=.378) and control group(N=47, Mdiff=.036) on their attitudes on cultural diversity. Also, pre-test and follow-up test scores were compared to confirm whether the effect was sustained. The results showed that while the pre-post difference was statistically significant for experimental group participants(t=4.264, p=.000), the difference was not significant for control group students. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the program was sustained among students in the experimental group at a 3-month follow-up test(t=2.466, p=.016). In conclusion, the multicultural education program, in fact, proved to be effective in changing the attitudes of college students in understanding and accepting different cultures in Korean society.

Keywords

mutlitcultural education;multicultural attitude;quasi-experiemntal design;program effectiveness