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Association Between EGF, TGF-β1 and TNF-α Gene Polymorphisms and Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Shi, Hai-Zhou (Department of General Surgery, Binzhou Central Hospital, Binzhou medical College) ;
  • Ren, Peng (Department of General Surgery, Binzhou Central Hospital, Binzhou medical College) ;
  • Lu, Qing-Jun (Department of General Surgery, Binzhou Central Hospital, Binzhou medical College) ;
  • Niedrgethmnn, Marco (Surgical Clinic, University Hospital Mannheim) ;
  • Wu, Guo-Yang (Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University)
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

Introduction: Up to present, EGF $61^*A$/G, TGF-${\beta}1$-$509^*T$/C and TNF-${\alpha}$-$308^*A$/G gene polymorphisms have been analysed in other cancer entities than hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We here investigated the frequency of these gene polymorphisms among HCC patients. Materials and Methods: A total of 73 HCC patients and 117 cancer-free healthy people were recruited at the Surgical Department of Zhongshan Hospital. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood and gene polymorphisms were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. Results: The distribution of EGF $61^*G$/G homozygotes among HCC patients was more frequent than that in the control group (24.7% vs 11.1%, OR=2.618, 95%CI=1.195-5.738). In parallel, the frequency of the "G" allele in the HCC patient group was also higher than that in the control group (45.9% vs 33.3%, OR= 1.696, 95%CI=1.110-2.592). No difference could be found for the TGF-${\beta}1$-509 and TNF-${\alpha}$-308 genotypes. Conclusion: EGF $61^*G$/G genotype and G allele are significantly increased among patients with HCC. TGF-${\beta}1$-$509^*T$/C and TNF-${\alpha}$-$308^*A$/G gene polymorphisms are not related to this cancer entity.

Keywords

Hepatocellular carcinoma;polymorphism;growth factor;EGF

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