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Incidences of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 2-3 or Cancer Pathologic Diagnoses in Patients with a High Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Pap Smear Attending a Colposcopy Clinic at Srinagarind Hospital

  • Ingkapairoj, Navakorn (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Luanratanakorn, Sanguanchoke (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Chumworathayi, Bandit (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Kietpeerakool, Chumnan (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University) ;
  • Supoken, Amornrat (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University)
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of women with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) smears who had undergone the "see and treat" approach compared to those who underwent a conventional approach. The records of women with HSIL smears undergoing colposcopy at Srinagarind Hospital were reviewed. In those undergoing the conventional approach, the final histological diagnosis was made on the most severe histological results obtained after initial colposcopy. In the "see and treat" group, the final histological diagnosis was made on the examination of LEEP specimens obtained after initial colposcopy. Overtreatment in the see and treat group was defined as the LEEP specimens containing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1 or less. During the study period, 302 women with HSIL underwent colposcopy. Twenty (6.6%) were nulliparous. One hundred and ninety-four (64.2%) underwent conventional management while the remaining 108 (35.8%) received the see and treat management. The prevalence of underlying high-grade lesions in women undergoing the conventional approach was significantly higher than that observed among women undergoing the see and treat approach (89.2% and 47.2%, respectively, P<0.001). The overtreatment rate in the see and treat group was 52.8%. Multivariate analysis revealed that only parity status was a statistically significant factor for predicting the overtreatment after undergoing the see and treat approach. In conclusion, the overtreatment rate among women undergoing see and treat in this study is notably high and therefore this approach should not be routinely practiced.

Keywords

Cervical lesion;see and treat;overtreatment;cervical cytology

References

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