- Volume 13 Issue 12
DOI QR Code
Beliefs about Physical Activity in Sedentary Cancer Patients: an In-depth Interview Study in France
- Falzon, Charlene (LAMHESS EA6309 Universities of Nice Sophia-Antipolis and Toulon-Var) ;
- Chalabaev, Aina (Paris West University Nanterre La Defense) ;
- Schuft, Laura ;
- Brizzi, Christophe ;
- Ganga, Marion ;
- d'Arripe-Longueville, Fabienne
- Published : 2012.12.31
This study was designed to identify beliefs about physical activity in cancer patients. Semi- structured interviews were conducted with 20 patients under treatment, who were invited to identify perceived barriers for not adopting a physically active lifestyle and to express their beliefs about physical activity. Content analyses revealed five main categories of beliefs including four types of barriers: (a) barriers related to the side effects of treatment; (b) barriers related to a lack of perceived physical abilities; (c) barriers related to a lack of interest for physical activity; (d) beliefs about the negative effects of physical activity, and (e) beliefs about the positive effects of physical activity. These findings extend the existing literature by indicating how stereotypes may play a role in explaining sedentary lifestyles in cancer patients.
Cancer;physical activity;sedentary lifestyle;beliefs;stereotypes
- Robert H, Casillas JM, Iskandar M, et al (2004). The Dijon Physical Activity Score: Reproducibility and correlation with exercise testing in healthy elderly subjects. Ann Readapt Med Phys, 47, 546-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annrmp.2004.03.005
- Rogers LQ, Matevey C, Hopkins-Price P, et al (2004). Exploring social cognitive theory constructs for promoting exercise among breast cancer patients. Cancer Nurs, 27, 462-73.
- Rogers LQ, Shah P, Dunnington G, et al (2005). Social cognitive theory and physical activity during breast cancer treatment. Oncol Nurs Forum, 32, 807-15. https://doi.org/10.1188/05.ONF.807-815
- Rogers LQ, Courneya KS, Verhulst S, et al (2006). Exercise barrier and task self-efficacy in breast cancer patients during treatment. Support Care Cancer, 14, 84-90. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-005-0851-2
- Rogers LQ, Courneya KS, Shah P, Dunnington G, Hopkins-Price P (2007). Exercise stage of change, barriers, expectations, values and preferences among breast cancer patients during treatment: a pilot study. Eur J Cancer Care, 16, 55-66.
- Rogers LQ, McAuley E, Courneya KS, Verhulst SJ (2008). Correlates of physical activity self-efficacy among breast cancer survivors. Am J Hlth Behav, 32, 594-603.
- Rosman S (2004). Cancer and stigma: Experience of patients with chemotherapy-induced alopecia. Patient Educ Couns, 52, 333-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0738-3991(03)00040-5
- Sander AP, Eliot L, Newsome C, Roach J, Tasche L (2011). Development and content validation of a scale to measure fear of physical activity and exercise in the breast cancer population. Rehabilitation Oncology, 29, 17-22.
- Schmitz KH, Holtzman J, Courneya KS, et al (2005). Controlled physical activity trials in cancer survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev, 14, 1588-95. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-04-0703
- Schwartz AL (1998). Patterns of exercise and fatigue in physically active cancer survivors. Oncol Nurs Forum, 25, 485-91.
- Sparkes AC (1998). Validity in qualitative inquiry and the problem of criteria: Implications for sport psychology. Sport Psychol, 12, 363-86.
- Stern M, Arenson E (1989). Childhood Cancer Stereotype: Impact on Adult Perceptions of Children. J Pediatr Psychol, 14, 593-605. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/14.4.593
- Tesch R (1990). Qualitative research: Analysis types and software tools. Bedford: LSL Press Ltd.
- Weber RP (1990). Basic Content Analysis. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Wiens BA, Gilbert BO (2000). A reexamination of a childhood cancer stereotype. J Pediatr Psychol, 25, 151-9. https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/25.3.151
- Courneya KS, Friedenreich CM, Quinney HA, et al (2005). A longitudinal study of exercise barriers in colorectal cancer survivors participating in a randomized controlled trial. Ann Behav Med, 29, 147-53. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15324796abm2902_9
- Courneya KS, Friedenreich CM (2011). Physical activity and cancer: an introduction. Recent Results Cancer Res, 186, 1-10.
- Cramp F, Daniel J (2008). Exercise for the management of cancer-related fatigue in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Issue 2.
- Deci EL, Ryan RM (1985). Intrinsic motivation and selfdetermination in human behavior. New-York: Plenum Press.
- Denzin NK, Lincoln YS (2000). Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Glaser BG, Strauss AL (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Company.
- Hoffman B (1991). Employment discrimination: another hurdle for cancer survivors. Cancer Invest, 9, 589-95. https://doi.org/10.3109/07357909109018957
- Huxley RR, Ansary-Moghaddam A, Clifton P, et al (2009). The impact of dietary and lifestyle risk factors on risk of colorectal cancer: a quantitative overview of the epidemiological evidence. Int J Cancer, 125, 171-80. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijc.24343
- Jones LW, Guill B, Keir ST, et al (2007). Using the theory of planned behavior to understand the determinants of exercise intention in patients diagnosed with primary brain cancer. Psychooncology, 16, 232-40. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1077
- Kaufmann JC (1996). L'entretien comprehensif. Paris: Nathan.
- Levy B (2009). Stereotype embodiment: a psychosocial approach to aging. Curr Dir Psychol Sci, 18, 332-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01662.x
- Leyens JP, Yzerbyt V, Schadron G (1996). Stereotypes et cognition sociale. Sprimont: Mardaga.
- Lincoln YS, Guba EG (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Newbury Park: Sage.
- Loh SY, Chew SL, Lee SY (2011). Barriers to exercise: perspectives from multiethnic cancer survivors in Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 1483-8.
- Milne HM, Wallman KE, Guilfoyle A, Gordon S, Courneya KS (2008). Self-determination theory and physical activity among breast cancer survivors. J Sport Exerc Psychol, 30, 23-38.
- Patton MQ (2002). Qualitative evaluation and education methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
- Perna FM, Craft L, Carver CS, Antoni MH (2008). Negative affect and barriers to exercise among early stage breast cancer patients. Hlth Psychol, 27, 275-79. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6126.96.36.1995
- Pinto BM, Rabin C, Dunsiger S (2009). Home-based exercise among cancer survivors: Adherence and its predictors. Psychooncology, 18, 369-76. https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1465
- Pinto BM, Eakin E, Maruyama NC (2000). Health behaviour changes after a cancer diagnosis: What do we know and where do we go from here? Ann Behav Med, 22, 38-52. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02895166
- Pinto BM, Ciccolo JT (2011). Physical activity motivation and cancer survivorship. Recent Results Cancer Res, 186, 367-87.
- Ajzen I, Madden TJ (1986). Prediction of goal-directed behaviour: attitudes, intentions, and perceived behavioural control. J Exp Soc Psychol, 22, 453-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1031(86)90045-4
- Bandura A (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
- Bandura A (1997). The anatomy of stages of change. Am J Health Promot, 12, 8-10. https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-12.1.8
- Bellizi KM, Rowland JH, Jeffrey DD, McNeel T (2005). Health behaviors of cancer survivors: examining opportunities for cancer control intervention. J Clin Oncol, 23, 8884-93. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2005.02.2343
- Blanchard CM, Courneya KS, Stein K (2008). Cancer survivors' adherence to lifestyle behaviour recommendations and associations with health-related quality of life: Results from the American Cancer Society's SCS-II. J Clin Oncol, 26, 2198-204. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2007.14.6217
- Blanchet A, Gotman A (1992). L'enquete et ses methodes: L'entretien. Paris: Nathan.
- Bloom JR, Kessler L (1994). Emotional support following cancer: A test of the stigma and social activity hypotheses. J Hlth Soc Behav, 35, 118-33. https://doi.org/10.2307/2137360
- Braun V, Clarke V (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qual Res Psychol, 3, 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa
- Brawley LR, Culos-Reed SN, Angove J, Hoffman-Goetz L (2002). Understanding the barriers to physical activity for cancer patients: review and recommendations. J Psychosoc Oncol, 20, 1-21.
- Carr-Gregg M (1989). The young cancer patient and discrimination. Aust Nurses J, 18, 13.
- Chalabaev A, Emile M, Corrion K et al. Development and validation of the aging stereotypes and exercise scale. J Aging Phys Act, in press.
- Clark MM, Novotny PJ, Patten CA, et al (2008). Motivational readiness for physical activity and quality of life in long-term lung cancer survivors. Lung cancer, 61, 117-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lungcan.2007.12.012
- Cooper H (1995). The role of physical activity in the recovery from breast cancer. Melpomene J, 14, 18-20.
- Courneya KS, McAuley E (1995). Cognitive mediators of the social influence-exercise adherence relationship: A test of the theory of planned behavior. J Behav Med, 18, 499-515. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01904776
- Courneya KS, Keats MR, Turner AR (2000). Physical exercise and quality of life in cancer patients following high dose chemotherapy and antologous bone marrow transplantation. Psychooncology, 9, 127-36. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1611(200003/04)9:2<127::AID-PON438>3.0.CO;2-L
- Courneya KS, Friedenreich CM, Sela RA, Quinney HA, Rhodes RE (2002). Correlates of adherence and contamination in a randomized controlled trial of exercise in cancer survivors: An application of the theory of planned behavior and the five factor model of personality. Ann Behav Med, 24, 257-68. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15324796ABM2404_02
- Health Risk Behavior of Romanian Adults having Relatives with Cancer vol.14, pp.11, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.11.6465
- Awareness of Risk Factors for Cancer among Omani adults- A Community Based Study vol.15, pp.13, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.13.5401
- Can exercise change the stereotypes associated with individuals with cancer? vol.25, pp.4, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12272
- Development and Validation of the Cancer Exercise Stereotypes Scale vol.32, pp.6, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2014.955237
- Health Promoting Behavior and Influencing Factors in Iranian Breast Cancer Survivors vol.16, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.5.1729
- Understanding narrative effects in physical activity promotion: the influence of breast cancer survivor testimony on exercise beliefs, self-efficacy, and intention in breast cancer patients vol.23, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-014-2422-x
- Perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in people living with HIV: A qualitative study in a French sample pp.1745-9206, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1177/1742395319826638