DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of a Training Programme on Knowledge of Nurses from a Missionary Hospital in India Regarding Breast Cancer and its Screening

  • Khokhar, Anita (Department of Community Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung Hospital)
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted among nursing staff of a missionary hospital of Delhi in June 2009. All the nurses were invited to participate in the training programme on breast cancer and techniques of breast self examination (BSE). A questionnaire was administered to all 259 participants seeking information on their level of awareness regarding breast cancer and relevant screening guidelines. With the help of 5 training workshops all the nurses were imparted training regarding the most appropriate technique of doing breast self exams. The mean age of the participants was 35.8 years. Out of a total of 259 nursing staff members 77.2% correctly answered all the 10 questions regarding high risk factors for breast cancer and after the training programme this increased to 100% (p<0.05). Only 65.2% of the participants gave correct responses to all the 8 questions regarding correct technique of performing a BSE, which after the training programme increased to 99.3% (p<0.05). At the baseline only 56.8% knew all the three screening methods correctly and after the intervention 98.7% could correctly mark the responses regarding screening (p<0.05). The actual practice of following the screening guidelines amongst the nursing staff was poor. Only 26 (10.03%) had ever done a BSE, none performed it monthly, 58 (22.4%) had ever gone themselves for a CBE and 18 (6. 94%) had ever undergone mammography.

Keywords

Nurses;breast cancer;breast;screening;India

References

  1. Budden L (1998). Registered nurses' breast self-examination practice and teaching to female clients. J Community Hlth Nurs, 15, 101-12. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327655jchn1502_4
  2. Chatterji P (2002). Study to assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on the knowledge of G.N.M. students regarding breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE) and the ability to perform BSE. Nur J India. Nursing Journal of India. FindArticles.com. 02 Jun, 2011. http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_qa4036/is_200204/ai_n9023673/ Copyright Trained Nurses' Association of India Apr 2002 Provided by ProQuest Information and Learning Company.
  3. Cretain GK (1989). Motivational factors in breast selfexamination. Cancer Nurs, 12, 250-6.
  4. Ertem G, Kocer A (2009). Breast self-examination among nurses and midwives in Odemis health district in Turkey. Indian J Cancer, 46, 208-13. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-509X.52955
  5. Haji-Mahmoodi M, Montazeri A, Jarvandi S, et al (2002). Breast self-examination: knowledge, attitudes, and practice among female health care in Tehran, Iran. Breast J, 8, 222-5. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1524-4741.2002.08406.x
  6. Jaydip R, Jagruti D, Prajapati, Rohit R (2011). A study on awareness toward the early detection of breast cancer on nursing staff in civil hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. Hlth Line, 2, 34-7.
  7. Khokhar A (2010). Level of awareness regarding breast cancer and its screening amongst teachers from India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 10, 245-8.
  8. Lee EH (2003). Breast self-examination performance among Korean nurses. J Nurses Staff Dev, 81, 7-19.
  9. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (2000). 50 years of cancer control in India. National Cancer Control Programme, DGHS, Government of India.
  10. Murray B (1998). Vertical-strips method for breast self-exam uses 'touch intelligence' A psychologist's behavioral insight leads to a better way of finding breast lumps. Am Psychological Assoc, 29, 12.
  11. Olumuyiwa OO, Olufemi OT (2001). Breast cancer knowledge, attitude and practices among nurses in Lagos, Nigeria. Acta Oncol, 40, 844-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/02841860152703472
  12. Petro-Nustas W, Mikhail BI (2002). Factors associated with breast self-examination among Jordanian women. Public Hlth Nurs, 19, 263-71. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1446.2002.19406.x

Cited by

  1. Teaching Breast Cancer Screening via Text Messages as Part of Continuing Education for Working Nurses: A Case-control Study vol.15, pp.14, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.14.5607
  2. Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention among Public Health Midwives on Breast Cancer Early Detection in the District of Gampaha, Sri Lanka vol.16, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.1.227