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Availability of Chicken Feather for Removal of Hexavalent Chromium and Oil

6가 크롬 및 유류 제거를 위한 우모 폐기물의 이용가능성

  • Jeong, Jin-Ha (Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Na-Ri (Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Sung-Bo (Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jeong, Seong-Yun (Department of Medical Life Science, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Park, Geun-Tae (Research & University-Industry Cooperation, Pusan National University) ;
  • Son, Hong-Joo (Department of Life Science and Environmental Biochemistry, Pusan National University)
  • 정진하 (부산대학교 생명환경화학과) ;
  • 이나리 (부산대학교 생명환경화학과) ;
  • 박성보 (부산대학교 생명환경화학과) ;
  • 정성윤 (대구가톨릭대학교 의생명과학과) ;
  • 박근태 (부산대학교 산학협력단) ;
  • 손홍주 (부산대학교 생명환경화학과)
  • Received : 2011.12.16
  • Accepted : 2012.03.21
  • Published : 2012.03.31

Abstract

We investigated usefulness of chicken feather as bioadsorbent for removal of hexavalent chromium[Cr(VI)] and oil from aqueous solution. Chicken feather was chemically treated with DTPA, EDTA, NaOH and SDS, respectively. Among them, EDTA was the most effective in adsorbing Cr(VI). Cr(VI) uptake by chicken feather was increased with decreasing pH; the highest Cr(VI) uptake was observed at pH 2.0. By increasing Cr(VI) concentration, Cr(VI) uptake was increased, and maximum Cr(VI) uptake was 0.34 mmol/g. Cr(VI) adsorption by chicken feather was well described by Freundlich isotherm than Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich constant(1/n) was 0.476. As the concentration of chicken feather was increased, Cr (VI) removal efficiency was increased but Cr(VI) uptake was decreased. Most of Cr(VI) was adsorbed at early reaction stage(1 h) and adsorption equilibrium was established at 5 h. On the other hand, chicken feather adsorbed effectively oils including bunker-A and bunker-C. In conclusion, our results suggest that chicken feather waste could be used to remove heavy metal and oil; it is a potential candidate for biosorption material.

Keywords

Adsorption;Bioadsorbent;Chromium;Feather;Oil

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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