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Application Study of Dry-ice Pellet Cleaning for Removing Oil Paint and Lacquer of Outdoor Metal Artifacts

Dry-ice Pellet Cleaning 적용 옥외 금속문화재 표면 페인트 및 유성물질 제거방법 비교 연구

  • Lee, Jee-Eun (Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Science, Kongju National University) ;
  • Cho, Nam-Chul (Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Science, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Myoung (Laser Engineering Group, IMT Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Yu, Jae-Eun (National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage)
  • Received : 2012.06.13
  • Accepted : 2012.08.16
  • Published : 2012.09.20

Abstract

Damage of cultural properties happens variously. Particularly, the surface damage of metal cultural properties exposed outdoors lowers historical and art historical value of artifact by artificial damage such as paint, scribbling containing oily material and so on. Therefore, this study compared dry-ice pellet cleaning with poultice when clearing paint and oily material environment-friendly, harmlessly to humans and without damage of artifact. As the result of experiment, when clearing those (paint and oily material) by poultice, oily paint was cleared, but there were spots of metal surface. Also, Lacquer spray wasn't well cleared, and resin came off the surface of artifact. When clearing those by dry-ice pellet cleaning, oil paint was cleanly cleared without surface damage of artifact according to Stereoscopic microscope observation, color-measurement, FT-IR, SEM analysis. Also, lacquer spray seemed to be cleared with the naked eye, but there were minute particles on surface according to the result of SEM observation. Consequently, we could confirm possibility of dry-ice pellet cleaning substitution.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립문화재연구소

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