Interpretation of Remaking Environments for Pottery and Material Characteristic Changes Depending on Firing Experiments for Ancient Clay: Yongam Site in Ssangyongdong of Cheonan, Korea

고토양의 소성실험에 따른 재료과학적 특성 변화와 토기의 제작환경 해석: 천안 쌍용동 용암유적

  • Kim, Ran Hee (Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Sciences, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Chan Hee (Department of Cultural Heritage Conservation Sciences, Kongju National University)
  • 김란희 (공주대학교 문화재보존과학과) ;
  • 이찬희 (공주대학교 문화재보존과학과)
  • Received : 2012.05.10
  • Accepted : 2012.08.27
  • Published : 2012.09.20


This research aims to examination the material characteristics changes of the ancient clay depending to firing temperature and to verify the firing temperature of the Joseon potteries from the Yongam site in Ssangyongdong of Cheonan, Korea. To this study, we conducted a firing experiments using the ancient clay that was verified raw material of the Joseon potteries from the study area in the temperature range from 500 to $1,200^{\circ}C$. The yellowish tint, the reddish tint and the specific gravity of firing samples increase according to firing temperature rise. But the absorption ratio and the porosity decreased under same firing temperature range. The soft potteries from the Yongam site has similar material characteristics with the fired samples at 800 to $950^{\circ}C$. And the hard potteries from the Yongam site bears the same relation to the fired samples at about $1,100^{\circ}C$. This result is considerably signification for the interpretation of firing temperature. The geochemical characteristics of the original clay according to the firing experiments, on the other hand, is not affected of temperature in this study.


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