- Volume 1 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
Chemical Compositions and Lead Isotope Ratios of Some Glass Beads from Seokga-tap, Gyeongju
- Kang, Hyung-Tae (Conservation Science Team, National Museum of Korea) ;
- Yun, Eun-Young (Conservation Science Team, National Museum of Korea)
- Received : 2012.09.28
- Accepted : 2012.11.01
- Published : 2012.01.31
Chemical compositions and lead isotope ratios for four glass bead samples of Seokga-tap were analyzed and the results were organized. Among 4 glass beads found in the Seokga-tap, 3 pieces were lead glass. Manufacturing method was to firstly grind pebbles finely and mix lead ore to be melt at
- Bowman, S., 1991, Science and the Past. British Museum Press, p.37-56.
- Brill, R.H., Yamasaki, K., Barnes, I.L., Rosman, K.J.R. and Diaz, M., 1979, Lead Isotopes in Some Japanese and Chinese Glasses. ARS ORIENTALIS, 11, Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution, Dept of the History of Art, University of Michigan, p.87-109.
- Brill, R.H. and Martin, J.H., 1991, Scientific Research in Early Chinese Glass. Proceeding of the Archaeometry Glass Sessions of the 1984 International Symposium on Glass, Beijing, September 7, 1984.
- Brill, R.H., Stephen, Tong, S.C. and Doris, D, 1991, Chemical Analysis of Some Early Chinese Glasses, Scientific Research in Early Chinese Glass. Proceeding of the Archaeometry Glass Session of the 1984 International Symposium on Glass, Beijing, September 7, 1984, p.31-58.
- Coomans, D. and Massart, D.L., 1979, Optimization by statistical linear discriminant analysis in analytical chemistry, Analytica Chimica Acta, 112 (2), p.97-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(01)83513-3
- Frank, S., 1982, Glass and Archaeology, Academic Press, p.104-127.
- Henderson, J., 2000, The Science and Archaeology of Materials, Routledge, p.24-43.
- Kang, H.T., Kim, S.B., Huh, W.Y. and Kim, G.H., 2003, Application of science for interpreting archaeological materials (II) - Production and flow of lead glass from Mireuksa Temple-, MunHwaJae, 36, Nation Research Institute of Cultural Properties, 241-266.
- Kang, H.T., Chung, G.R., Huh, W.Y., Kim, S.B. and Cho, N.C., 2004. August, Chemical compositions and Lead Isotope ratios of The Lead glass from Wanggung-ni, Iksan, Chollabuk-do, Journal of Korean Ancient Historical Society, 45, p.31-48.
- Kang, H.T., Chung, Y.D., Cho, J.Y. and Kim, H.S., 2005, Analysis of glaze on brick, green-glazed earthenware in Unified Silla period, Seonsa wa Kodae, 22, Korean Association for Ancient studies Korea, p.211-222.
- Kang, H.T., Yun, E.Y. and Ahn, J.Y., 2008, Chemical compositions of glass beads from tombs of Chunburi, Ulleung-do, Ulleung-do Site, Report of research of Antiquities of The National Museum of Korea Vol. X X X VIII, National Museum of Korea, p.361-372.
- Kang, H.T and Cho, N.C., 2008, Application of science for interpreting archaeoloical materials (III)-Characterization of some Western Asia glass vessels from South Mound of Hwangnamdaechong, Mun Hwa Jae, 41 (1), National Research Institute of Cultural Heritage, p.5-19.
- Kim, G.H., 2001, A study of archaeological chemistry on ancient glasses found in Korea, Ph.D. thesis, Chung-Ang University.
- Kim, G.H., Song, U.N. and Kim, N.Y., 2006, Chemical composition of glass bead from Sucheong-dong Site, Osan city, Gyeonggi Institute of Cultural Properties, 113-128.
- Kim, G.H., Kang, H.T. and Lee, Y.H., 2007, Characteristics of Glass materials from Tomb of King Muryeong (II), Research Report No. 19, Kongju National Museum, p.103-131.
- Koezuka T., 1991, Investigation of Ancient Glasses Found in Japan - Historical evolution of Ancient Glass System, 147-157.
- Koezuka, T., 2001, Chemical Composition and Lead Isotope Ratios of Ancient Glass Found in Japan, Bulletin of the National Museum of Japanese History, p.233-249.
- Lambert, J.B., 1998, Traces of the Past, Perseus Publishing, p.104-127.
- Mabuchi, H., and Hirao, Y., 1983. Study of Han-style mirrors by lead isotope method.II, MUSEUM, 382, p.16-26.
- Mabuchi, H., and Hirao Y., 1987. Lead isotope ratios of lead ores in East Asia- in relation to bronze artifacts, Kokogaku zasshi, 73 (2), p.199-245.
- Mirti, P., David, P., Gulmini, M. and Sagui L., 2001, Glass fragments from the Crypta Balbi in Rome: The composition of eighth-century fragments, Archaeometry, 43 (4), p.491-502. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-4754.00032
- National Museum of Korea, 2009, Conservation Treatment and Analysis Bulguksa Seokgatap Relics_Vol.4, National Museum of Korea.
- Shi Meiguang et al.,1991, Investigations of Some Ancient Chinese Lead Glasses, Scientific Research in Early Chinese Glass, Proceeding of the Archaeometry Glass Session of the 1984 International Symposium on Glass, Beijing, September 7, 1984, p.30.
- Shi Meiguang and Zhou Fuzheng, 1993, Some Chinese Glasses of the Qing Dynasty, Journal of Glass Studies, 35, p.102-105.
- Wedepoho, K.H., Krueger, I., and Hartmann, G, 1997, Medieval Lead Glass from Northwestern Europe, Journal of Glass Studies, 37, p.65-82.
- Zang F., 1991, Scientific Studies of Early Glasses Excavated in China, 157-165.
- Zvigoffer, 1980, Archaeological Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, p.136-166.