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Information Types and Display Methods according to the Relation between Frequency of Exposure and Degree of Cognition

노출빈도와 인지도 관계에 따른 정보의 유형과 표현기법

  • 한지애 (조선대학교 디자인공학과) ;
  • 류시천 (조선대학교 디자인공학과)
  • Received : 2012.10.26
  • Accepted : 2012.11.22
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

Information types and display methods according to the relation between frequency of exposure and degree of cognition was suggested by this study as a way to enhance effective communication by information in aspect of user cognition. First of all, we ascertained the relation between frequency of exposure and degree of cognition by literature research for cognitive psychology and cognitive engineering psychology, results are as follows based in it. First, we suggested information types and attributes for visualization as 'Framework' which helps designers understand cognitive demands of users. Specifically, there are 4 types(STM, STA, LTM, LTA) of information according to the relation between frequency of exposure and degree of cognition, cognitive characteristics for each types and 'attributes matrix for visualization' which is consisted of 14 attributes of high -quality information and resorted by the types. Second, we suggested a guideline for display methods according to depth of information in the design process of information contents. For display methods of STM, STA information as primary information, we suggested "Attribution theory of Distinctiveness", "Advance Organizer", "Progress Closure", "Affordance", for display methods of LTM information as multidimensional information, we suggested "Modularity", "Consistency", "Mimicry", "Mnemonic Device". We had found from this study that there are distinction of status for attributes of information visualization according to information types or depth, and various display methods by them.

Keywords

Information Cognition;Information types according to frequency of exposure;Depth of information;Attributes for visualization;Display Method of information

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 조선대학교