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Effects of Symptom Severity and Symptom Interference on Sleep Disturbance in Cancer Patients

암환자의 증상 심각성과 증상관련 지장이 수면장애에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Kyunghee (College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Park, Da Hye (Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University Medical Center) ;
  • Park, Darlee (Department of Nursing, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Ryu, Eunjung (College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University)
  • 김경희 (중앙대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박다혜 (중앙대학교의료원 외과계중환자실) ;
  • 박달이 (중앙대학교 대학원) ;
  • 류은정 (중앙대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2012.11.23
  • Accepted : 2012.12.25
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was conducted to identify the impact of Symptom Severity and Symptom Interference on Sleep Disturbance among cancer patients. Methods: This study was conducted from October 8th to October 25th, 2012. One hundred eight cancer patients were recruited from S city in Korea. The instruments used in this study were the Symptom Severity, Symptom Interference and the Sleep Disturbance scales for patients with cancer. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program. Results: The Sleep Disturbance for cancer patients showed a significant relationship with Symptom Interference and cancer stage. The significant factors influencing Sleep Disturbance were Symptom Severity and Symptom Interference. They explained 40.5% of the variance in stage IV. Conclusion: Patients with cancer experienced Symptom Severity and Symptom Interference which led to a negative effect on Sleep Disturbance. The results suggest that intervention programs to reduce Symptom Severity, Symptom Interference could improve Sleep Disturbance for cancer patients.