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Use of Mouthguard for Prevention of Oral and Maxillofacial Injury

구강악안면영역의 외상방지를 위한 마우스가드의 사용

  • Shim, Young-Joo (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral medicine, Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital. Wonkwang Dental research institute, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kang, Jin-Kyu (Department of Orofacial Pain and Oral medicine, Wonkwang University Daejeon Dental Hospital. Wonkwang Dental research institute, Wonkwang University)
  • 심영주 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 강진규 (원광대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Received : 2012.11.16
  • Published : 2012.12.30

Abstract

With today's heightened interest in quality of life, leisure and sports activities were popular in the general public. Accordingly, the incidence of oral and maxillofacial injury are also rising. Use of a mouth protector to prevent the trauma of the oral and maxillofacial region is growing in importance, and among the mouth protector the mouthguard is the most commonly used. Mouthguard has been suggested to protect injuries by (1) preventing tooth injuries by absorbing and deflecting blows to the teeth; (2) shielding the lips, tongue, and gingival tissues from laceration; (3) preventing opposing teeth from coming into violent contact; (4) providing the mandible with resilient support, which absorbs an impact that might fracture the unsupported angle or condyle of the mandible; (5) preventing neck and cerebral brain injuries. Although mouthguard is effective for prevention of oral and maxillofacial injury, it is not widespread to athletes or general public and they are lack of awareness about the importance of mouthguard. We present the types and materials of mouthguard, things to consider when mouthguard fabrication, and the usage. This should be helpful in awareness about the importance and popularization of mouthguard.

Keywords

Mouthguard;mouth protector;oral and maxillofacial injury

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 원광대학교

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