Self-Efficacy, Health Promotion Behavior Intention, and Health Promotion Behavior of Middle School Students

중학생의 자기효능감, 건강증진행위의도 및 건강증진행위

  • Received : 2012.11.14
  • Accepted : 2012.12.14
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate self-efficacy, health promotion behavior intention, and health promotion behavior in middle school students. Methods: The data were collected by a questionnaire given to the students. The participants for this study were 564 students from four middle school located in Busan. Descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA with Scheff$\acute{e}$ test and Pearson's Correlation Coefficients were used for data analysis with SPSS Win 18.0. Results: The level of self-efficacy and health promotion behavior intention was moderate. health promotion behavior was also relatively moderate. The score of health promotion behavior was affected by various general characteristics and health promotion behavior showed weakly positive correlation with self-efficacy, but there was no significant correlation between health promotion behavior intention and health promotion behavior. Conclusion: The findings from this study indicated a need to develop a nursing intervention program to promote health promotion behavior in middle school students including the promotion of self-efficacy.