DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

The Effect of 16 Weeks of Resistance Training on the Fatigue Factor, Muscle Soreness, Oxidative Stress, and Myokine in Elite Weightlifters

16주 저항성 트레이닝이 엘리트 역도선수의 피로물질과 근 손상, 산화적 손상, myokine에 미치 는 영향

  • Received : 2011.12.02
  • Accepted : 2011.12.23
  • Published : 2012.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of 16 weeks of resistance training on the fatigue factor, muscle soreness, oxidative stress, and myokine in elite weightlifters. A total of 10 subjects (six male, four female) participated in this study. The results were compared according to baseline, 8 weeks, and 16 weeks. Ammonia and Pi were increased through 16 weeks of resistance training, but this result was not significant. CK was significantly (p<0.05) increased at 8 weeks and 16 weeks compared to baseline, while LDH was significantly (p<0.05) increased at 8 weeks compared to baseline. The MDA of the oxidative stress factor was significantly (p<0.05) increased at 8 weeks compared to baseline and 16 weeks, and TAS of the antioxidant factor was significantly (p<0.05) increased at 8 weeks compared to baseline. The IL-15 of the myokine was significantly (p<0.05) increased at baseline compared to 8 weeks and 16 weeks. In conclusion, 16 weeks of high-intensity resistance training may have a positive effect on peripheral fatigue factors, muscle soreness, oxidative stress, and myokine in elite weightlifters.

Keywords

Basic fitness;fatigue;muscle soreness;oxidative stress;myokine

References

  1. Chun, W. H. and I. H. Cho. 2007. The effect of creatine supplementation on power output in elite weight lifters. J. Korean Spo. Resea. 18, 109-116.
  2. Ahn, J. C., S. H. Woo, H. J. Ahn, W. H. Chun, I. H. Cho, J. H. Cha, S. S. Jeon, and J. S. Lee. 2005. The effect of Abs & back training program on isokinetic muscular function in elite women weightlifter. J. Korean Phys. Edu. 19, 47-54.
  3. Broholm, C. and B. K. Pedersen. 2010. Leukaemia inhibitory factor--an exercise-induced myokine. Exerc. Immunol. Rev. 16, 77-85.
  4. Caimi, G., B. Canino, G. Amodeo, M. Montana, and R. Lo Presti. 2009. Lipid peroxidation and total antioxidant status in unprofessional athletes before and after a cardiopulmonary test. Clin. Hemorheol. Microcirc. 43, 235-241.
  5. Carey, A. L., G. R. Steinberg, S. L. Macaulay, W. G. Thomas, A. G. Holmes, G. Ramm, O. Prelovsek, C. Hohnen-Behrens, M. J. Watt, D. E. James, B. E. Kemp, B. K. Pedersen, and M. A. Febbraio. 2006. Interleukin-6 increases insulin-stimulated glucose disposal in humans and glucose uptake and fatty acid oxidation in vitro via AMP-activated protein kinase. Diabetes 55, 2688-2697. https://doi.org/10.2337/db05-1404
  6. Colbert, L. H., M. Visser, E. M. Simonsick, R. P. Tracy, A. B. Newman, S. B. Kritchevsky, M. Pahor, D. R. Taaffe, J. Brach, S. Rubin, and T. B. Harris. 2004. Physical activity, exercise, and inflammatory markers in older adults: findings from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. J. Am. Geriatr Soc. 52, 1098-104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52307.x
  7. Febbraio, M. A. and B. K. Pedersen. 2002 Muscle-derived interleukin-6:mechanisms activation and possible biological roles. FASEB. J. 16, 1335-1347. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.01-0876rev
  8. Jennifer, M. S. and B. B. Jeffrey. 2001. Role of vitamin E and oxidative stress in exercise. Nutrition 17, 809-814. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0899-9007(01)00639-6
  9. Kanter, M. A., G. R. Lesmes, L. A. Kaminsky, J. La Ham-Saeger, and N. D. Nequin. 1998. Serum creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase changes following an eighty kilometer race. realationship to lipid peroxidation. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol. 57, 60-63. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00691239
  10. Liu, J. F., W. Y. Chang, K. H. Chan, W. Y. Tsai, C. L. Lin, and M. C. Hsu. 2005. Blood lipid peroxides and muscle damage increased following intensive resistance training of female weightlifters. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1042, 255-261. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1338.029
  11. Magalhaes, J., R. Ferreira, F. Marques, E. Olivera, J. Soares, and A. Ascensao. 2007. Indoor climbing elicits plasma oxidative stress. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 39, 955-963. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e318038f728
  12. Maynar, M., R. Timon, A. Gonzalez, G. Olcina, F. Toribio, J. I. Maynar, and M. J. Caballero. 2010. SHBG, plasma, and urinary androgens in weight lifters after a strength training. J. Physiol. Biochem. 66, 137-142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13105-010-0018-6
  13. Messonnier, L., C. Denis, F. Prieur, and J. R. Lacour. 2005. Are the effects of training on fat metabolism involved in the improvement of performance during high-intensity exercise? Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 94, 434-441. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-005-1325-4
  14. Moon, Y. J. 2009. Weightlifting, strength training techniques step-by-step instructions. pp. 87-92, 1th ed., Korea Institute of Sport Science, Seoul.
  15. Nielsen, A. R., R. Mounier, P. Plomgaard, O. H. Mortensen, M. Penkowa, T. Speerschneider, H. Pilegaard, and B. K. Pedersen. 2007. Expression of interleukin-15 in human skel etal muscle effect of exercise and muscle fiber type composition. J. Physiol. 584, 305-312. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2007.139618
  16. Pack, I. Y. 2002. Exercise physiology & exercise prescription. pp. 179-191, 2th eds., Dehanmidia, Seoul.
  17. Pedersen, B. K. and C. P. Fischer. 2007. Beneficial health effects of exercise-the role of IL-6 as a myokine. Trends. Pharmacol. Sci. 28, 152-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tips.2007.02.002
  18. Pedersen, B. K. and M. A. Febbraio. 2008. Muscle as an endocrine organ: focus on muscle-derived interleukin-6. Physiol. Rev. 88, 1379-1406. https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.90100.2007
  19. Petersen, A. M. and B. K. Pedersen. 2005. The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise. J. Appl. Physiol. 98, 1154-1162. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00164.2004
  20. Prestes, J., G. Shiguemoto, J. P. Botero, A. Frollini, R. Dias, R. Leite, G. Pereira, R. Magosso, V. Baldissera, C. Cavaglieri, and S. Perez. 2009. Effects of resistance training on resistin, leptin, cytokines, and muscle force in elderly post-menopausal women. J. Sports Sci. 27, 1607-1615. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410903352923
  21. Pyne, D. B. 1994. Regulation of neutrophil function during exercise. Sports Med. 17, 245-258. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-199417040-00005
  22. Quinn, L. S., B. G. Anderson, L. Strait-Bodey, A. M. Stroud, and J. M. Argiles. 2009. Oversecretion of interleukin-15 from skeletal muscle reduces adiposity. Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab. 296, E191-202. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90506.2008
  23. Vincent, H. K. and K. R. Vincent. 1997. The effect of training status on the serum creatine kinase response, soreness and muscle function following resistance exercise. Int. J. Sports Med. 18, 431-437.
  24. Warren, B. J., M. H. Stone, J. T. Kearney, S. J. Fleck, R. L. Johnson, G. D. Wilson, and W. J. Kraemer. 1992. Performance measures, blood lactate and plasma ammonia as indicators of overwork in elite junior weightlifters. Int. J. Sports Med. 13, 372-376. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1021283
  25. Yoon, J. H., I. G. Jeong, and H. H. Lee. 2002. Analysis of isokinetic strength and muscle fatigue on knee joint in middle-school weight lifters. J. Korean Sports Med. 20, 189-200.