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Retrieval of Dust Backscatter Coefficient using Quartz Raman Channel in Lidar Measurements

석영 라만 채널을 이용한 황사 후방 산란 계수 산출

  • Received : 2011.11.16
  • Accepted : 2012.01.09
  • Published : 2012.02.29

Abstract

We present a retrieval method to obtain dust backscatter coefficient from the mixed Asian dust and pollutant layer. In the present study, vertically resolved quartz (silicon dioxide, silica) concentration was calculated using Raman scattering signals from quartz at 546 nm. Dust concentration was obtained based on typical mass percentage of quartz in Asian dust. The highest value of dust concentration at 3.7 km in March 21, 2010 was 22.3 and 10.9 ${\mu}gm^{-3}$ according to the quartz percentage in Asian dust as 65 and 30% based on literature survey, respectively. OPAC (Optical Properties of Aerosol and Clouds) simulations were conducted to calculate dust backscatter coefficient. The retrieved dust concentration was used as an input parameter for the OPAC calculations. Utilization of quartz Raman channel in Lidar measurements is considered useful for distinguishing optical properties of dust and nondust aerosol in the mixing state of Asian dust.

Keywords

Quartz;OPAC;Lidar;Asian dust

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 기상청