Variations of BVOCs Emission Characteristics according to Increasing PAR

유효광합성량 (PAR)의 증가에 따른 BVOCs 배출 특성 변화

  • Son, Youn-Suk (Department of Advanced Technology Fusion, Konkuk University) ;
  • Hwang, Yoon-Seo (Department of Environmental Engineering, Konkuk University) ;
  • Sung, Joo-Han (Division of Forest Ecology, Korea Forest Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Jo-Chun (Department of Advanced Technology Fusion, Konkuk University)
  • 손윤석 (건국대학교 신기술융합학과) ;
  • 황윤서 (건국대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 성주한 (국립산림과학원 산림생태연구과) ;
  • 김조천 (건국대학교 신기술융합학과)
  • Received : 2011.10.25
  • Accepted : 2012.01.13
  • Published : 2012.02.29


In this study, emission rates (ER) of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) were measured by varying levels of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). An appropriate plan for ozone reduction according to increasing ecology area ratio in future metropolitan areas was suggested. Several trees were selected as representative tree species in urban areas. Emission rates and composition ratios of monoterpene and isoprene emitted from these trees were estimated and compared. As a result, it was found that emission rates of BVOCs were considerably different depending on tree species. Especially, BVOCs emitted from Platanus orientalis and Quercus mongolica could significantly affect ozone increase in the metropolitan area, because the emission rates were several thousands to ten thousand times higher than those emitted from Zelkova serrata and Prunus serrulata. Furthermore, it was observed that emission rates of BVOCs by species increased maximum up to 10 times when PAR, which has close relations with temperature, rose. It was concluded that tree species such as Zelkova serrata et al., was appropriate for metropolitan areas since the species has low ozone potential and good landscape. Suppose this type of trees are planted on purpose in the urban areas, better ambient air quality will be promised in the future.


  1. 산림청(2009) 전국도시림현황통계.
  2. 서울시(2011) 서울특별시 도시계획 조례(서울특별시조례 제5153호).
  3. 이종현, 홍유덕, 이영재, 김록호, 이정영, 한진석 (2006) 서울과 부산의 오존 종관기상에 따른 기상인자 분석. 한국대기환경학회 추계학술 논문집.
  4. 환경부(2007) 도장시설의 VOC 배출억제를 위한 흡착-촉매산화 하이브리드 시스템개발.
  5. Atkinson, R. (2000) Atmospheric chemistry of VOCs and $No_{2}$, Atmospheric Environment, 34, 2063-2101.
  6. Benjamin, M.T. and A.M. Winer (1998) Estimating the ozoneforming potential of under trees and shrubs.
  7. Dominguez-Taylor, P., L.G. Ruiz-Suarez, I. Rosas-Perez, J.M. Hernández-Solis, and R. Steinbrechera (2007) Monoterpene and isoprene emissions from typical tree species in forests around Mexico City, Atmospheric Environment, 41, 2780-2790.
  8. Guenther, A. (1997) Seasonal and spatial variations in natural volatile organic compounds emissions, Ecological Application, 7(1), 34-45.[0034:SASVIN]2.0.CO
  9. Guenther, A., C.N. Hewitt, D. Erickson, R. Fall, C. Geron, T. Graedel, P. Harley, L. Kilnger, M. Lerdau, W.A. Mckay, T. Pierce, B. Scholes, R. Steinbretcher, R. Tallamraju, J. Taylor, and P.R. Zimmerman (1995) A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions, J. Geophys. Res. 100, 8873-8892.
  10. Harrison, D., M.C. Hunter, A.C. Lewis, P.W. Seakins, T.V. Nunes, and C.A. Pio (2001) Isoprene and monoterpene emission from the coniferous species Abies Borisii-regis-implications for regional air chemistry in Greece, Atmospheric Environment, 35, 4687-4698.
  11. Kim, J.C., K.J. Kim, D.S. Kim, and J.S. Han (2005) Seasonal variations of monoterpene emissions from coniferous trees of different ages in Korea, Chemosphere, 59, 1685-1696.
  12. Kim, J.C., K.J. Kim, J.H. Hong, Y. Sunwoo, and S.G. Lim (2004a) A comparison study on isoprene emission rates from oak trees in summer, Journal of Korea Society for Atmospheric Environment, 20(1), 111-118.
  13. Kim, J.C., J.H. Hong, C.H. Gang, Y. Sunwoo, K.J. Kim, and J.H. Lim (2004b) Comparison on monoterpene emission rates from conifers, Journal of Korea Society for Atmospheric Environment, 20(2), 175-183.
  14. Kim, J.C. (2001) Factors controlling natural VOC emissions in a southeastern US pine forest, Atmospheric Environment, 35, 3279-3292.
  15. Kim, K.J., J.C. Kim, Y.J. Lim, Y.S. Son, Y. Sunwoo, and K.T. Cho (2007) A study on the isoprene emission rates from deciduous tree (Quercus Mongolica Fischer), Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 16(3), 269-275.
  16. Kuhn, U., S. Rottenberger, T. Biesenthal, A. Wolf, G. Schebeske, P. Ciccioli, E. Brancaleoni, M. Frattoni, T.M. Tavares, and J. Kesselmeier (2002) Isoprene and monoterpene emissions of Amazonian tree species during the wet season: Direct and indirect investigations on controlling environmental functions, Journal of Geophysical Research, 107(D20), 10.1029/2001JD000978.
  17. Lamb, B.K., A. Guenther, D. Gay, and H.H. Westberg (1987) A national inventory of biogenic hydrocarbon emissions, Atmospheric Environment, 21, 1695-1705.
  18. Lim, J.H., J.C. Kim, K.J. Kim, Y.S. Son, Y. Sunwoo, and J.S. Han (2008) Seasonal variations of monoterpene emissions from Pinus densiflora in East Asia, Chemosphere, 73, 470-478.
  19. Lim, Y.J., A. Armendariz, Y.S. Son, and J.C. Kim (2011) Seasonal variations of isoprene emissions from five oak tree species in East Asia, Atmosphere Environment, 45, 2202-2210.
  20. Owen, S.M., P. Harley, A. Guenther, and C.N. Hewitt (2002) Light dependency of VOC emissions from selected Mediterranean plant species, Atmospheric Environment, 36, 3147-3159.
  21. Padhy, P.K. and C.K. Varshney (2005) Emission of volatile organic compounds (VOC) from tropical plant species in India, Chemosphere, 41, 1643-1653.
  22. Paoletti, E., G. Seufert, G.D. Roca, and H. Thomsen (2007) Photosynthetic responses to elevated $CO_{2}$ and $O_{3}$ in Quercus ilex leaves at a natural $CO_{2}$ spring, Environmental Pollution, 147, 516-524.
  23. Son, Y.S., J.C. Kim, K.J. Kim, Y.J. Lim, Y. Sunwoo, and J.H. Hong (2006) A comparison study on isoprene emission rates from White Oak, Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment, 22(6), 791-798.
  24. Sun, E.J. and H.G. Leu (2004) Screening the subtropical trees for low isoprene emission in Taiwan. In: Proceedings of the 13th World Clean Air and Environment Protection Congress and Exhibition, International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations, 22-37.
  25. Tingey, D.T., M. Manning, L.C. Grothaus, and W.F. Burns (1980) Influence of light and temperature on monoterpene emission rates from slash pine. Plant Physiol., 65, 797-801.
  26. Xiaoshan, Z., M. Yujing, S. Wenzhi, and Z. Yahui (2000) Seasonal variations of isoprene emissions from deciduous trees, Atmospheric Environment, 34, 3027-3032.
  27. Yokochi, Y. and Y. Ambe (1984) Factors affecting the emission of monoterpenes from Red Pine (Pinus densiflora), Plant Physiol., 75, 1009-1012.

Cited by

  1. Comparison of Phytoncide (monoterpene) Concentration by Type of Recreational Forest vol.41, pp.4, 2015,