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Flavor Characteristics of Hanwoo Beef in Comparison with Other Korean Foods

  • Ba, Hoa Van (Department of Animal Science and Institute of Rare Earth for Biological Application, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Ryu, Kyeong-Seon (Department of Animal Science and Institute of Rare Earth for Biological Application, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Hwang, In-Ho (Department of Animal Science and Institute of Rare Earth for Biological Application, Chonbuk National University)
  • Received : 2011.08.19
  • Accepted : 2011.11.03
  • Published : 2012.03.01

Abstract

The present study identified volatile flavor components of Hanwoo longissimus muscle and other Korean foods (Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil) and their traits were compared in relation with flavor precursors that include fatty acids and protein degradation products. Hanwoo longissimus muscle was purchased from a commercial abattoir while the other foods were sampled from three separate households. The results showed totals of 68 ($9.94{\mu}g/g$), 60 ($15.75{\mu}g/g$), 49 ($107.61{\mu}g/ml$) and 50 ($7.20{\mu}g/g$) volatile components for Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil and Hanwoo beef longissimus, respectively (p<0.05). Aldehydes were the most predominant components in beef, but alcohols, acids and esters, and pyrazines are probably the major contributors to the flavor characteristics of other foods. SDS-PAGE revealed that beef longissimus muscle and Doenjang showed higher protein degradation than other foods which could be likely related to chiller ageing and ripening process. The total polyunsaturated fatty acids were approximately 50, 60, 41 and 5% for Doenjang, Chungukjang, sesame oil and beef longissimus muscle, respectively. Based on the mechanism(s) of generation of the volatile compounds and the chemical composition of each food sample, differences and traits of volatile flavor components among the four food types are likely due to fatty acid profiles, proteolytic activity and processing conditions. Aroma intense compounds like pyrazines and sulfur-containing compounds were limited in cooked beef in the current experimental condition (i.e., relatively low heating temperature). This suggests that higher heating temperature as in the case of roasting is needed for the generation of high aroma notes in meat. Furthermore, proteolytic activity and stability of fatty acids during ageing have a great influence on the generation of flavor components in cooked beef.

Keywords

Chungukjang;Doenjang;Hanwoo Beef;Sesame Oil;Volatile Flavor Component

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