DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Dietary Protein and Lipid Levels on Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Far Eastern Catfish Silurus asotus

  • Kim, Kyoung-Duck (Aquafeed Research Center, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Lim, Sang-Gu (Inland Aquaculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Kang, Yong-Jin (Inland Aquaculture Research Center, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Kim, Kang-Woong (Aquafeed Research Center, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute) ;
  • Son, Maeng-Hyun (Aquafeed Research Center, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute)
  • Received : 2011.04.04
  • Accepted : 2012.01.02
  • Published : 2012.03.01

Abstract

A $3{\times}2$ factorial experiment was conducted to determine the effects of dietary protein and lipid levels on the growth and body composition of juvenile far eastern catfish. Six diets were formulated to contain three levels of protein (20%, 30% and 40%) and two levels of lipid (9% and 17%). Triplicate groups of fish (initial body weight of 7.6 g) were hand-fed to apparent satiation for 66 days. Final mean weight was improved with increasing dietary protein and lipid levels, and the highest final mean weight was observed in fish fed the 40/17 (% protein/% lipid) diet. No significant difference was observed in final mean weight for fish fed between 30/17 diet and 40/9 diet. Feed efficiency of fish fed the diets containing over 30% protein levels with 9% and 17% lipid levels were significantly higher than those of fish fed the 20% protein levels. Feed efficiency of fish fed the 30/17 diet was not significantly different from that of fish fed the 40/9 diet or 40/17 diet. Feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio of fish fed the 20% protein diets with 17% lipid level were significantly higher than those of fish fed 9% lipid diet. Daily feed intake of fish tended to decrease with increasing dietary protein and lipid levels. Moisture content of whole body in fish fed the 9% lipid diets was significantly higher than that of fish fed the 17% lipid diets at the same protein level, but the opposite trends were found for crude lipid content. Significant effects of dietary lipid were observed for most fatty acids, according to their relative values in the diets. The results of this study suggest that the protein requirement for maximum growth of juvenile far eastern catfish may be higher than 40%, and an increase of dietary lipid level from 9% to 17% can improve growth and feed utilization.

Keywords

Dietary Protein and Lipid;Far Eastern Catfish;Growth;Body Composition

References

  1. Ahmad, M. H. 2008. Response of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, to different dietary protein and lipid levels in practical diets. J. World Aquac. Soc. 39:541-548. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-7345.2008.00178.x
  2. Cho, C. Y. and S. J. Kaushik. 1990. Nutritional energetics in fish: energy and protein utilization in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri). World Rev. Nutr. Diet. 61:132-172.
  3. Chyoung, M. K. 1996. The Fishes of Korea, 5th ED. Il Ji Co., Seoul.
  4. Cowey, C. B. 1993. Some effects of nutrition and flesh quality of cultured fish. In: Fish Nutrition in Practice (Ed. S. J. Kaushik and P. Luquet), Proc. of the IV Int. Symp. on Fish Nutrition and Feeding, vol. 61, Les Colloques INRA, Paris, pp. 227-236.
  5. De Silva, S. S., R. M. Gunasekera and K. F. Shim. 1991. Interactions of varying dietary protein and lipid levels in young red tilapia: evidence of protein sparing. Aquaculture 95: 305-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(91)90096-P
  6. Duncan, D. B. 1955. Multiple-range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11:1-42. https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478
  7. Folch, J., M. Lees and G. H. Sloane-Stanley. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. J. Biol. Chem. 226:497-509.
  8. Garling, D. L. and R. P. Wilson. 1976. Optimum dietary protein to energy ratios for channel catfish fingerlings, Ictalurus punctatus. J. Nutr. 106:1368-1375.
  9. Hillestad, M. and F. T. Johnsen. 1994. High-energy/low-protein diets for Atlantic salmon: effects on growth, nutrient retention and slaughter quality. Aquaculture 124:109-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(94)90366-2
  10. Khan, M. S., K. J. Ang, M. A. Ambak and C. R. Saad. 1993. Optimum dietary protein requirement of a Malaysian freshwater catfish, Mystus nemurus. Aquaculture 112:227-235. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(93)90448-8
  11. Kim, L. O. and S. M. Lee. 2005. Effects of the dietary protein and lipid levels on growth and body composition of bagrid catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco. Aquaculture 243:323-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2004.11.003
  12. Kim, K. D., S. G. Lim, J. A. Hwang, J. D. Kim and Y. J. Kang. 2009. Evaluation of soybean meal as a partial substitute for fish meal in diet and experimental practical diet for growth in the far eastern catfish (Silurus asotus). Korean J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42:349-353. https://doi.org/10.5657/kfas.2009.42.4.349
  13. Kim, K. D., J. D. Kim, S. G. Lim, Y. J. Kang and M. H. Son. 2010. Effects of dietary lipid sources on the growth and body composition of the far eastern catfish, Silurus asotus. Kor. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43:445-450. https://doi.org/10.5657/kfas.2010.43.5.445
  14. Lee, S. M., D. J. Kim and S. H. Choi. 2002. Effects of dietary protein and lipid level on growth and body composition of juvenile ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis) reared in seawater. Aquac. Nutr. 8: 53-58. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2095.2002.00195.x
  15. Lee, D. J. and G. B. Putnam. 1973. The response of rainbow trout to varying protein/energy ratios in a test diet. J. Nutr. 103:916-922.
  16. Lee, S. M., K. D. Kim and S. P. Lall. 2003. Utilization of glucose, maltose, dextrin and cellulose by juvenile flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). Aquaculture 221:427-438. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(03)00061-9
  17. Lovell, R. T. 1989. Nutrition and feeding of fish. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, p. 260.
  18. McGoogan, B. B. and D. M. Gatlin. 1999. Dietary manipulations affecting growth and nitrogenous waste production of red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus: I. Effects of dietary protein and energy levels. Aquaculture 178:333-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00137-4
  19. National Research Council (NRC). 1993. Nutrient requirements of fish. National Academy Press. Washington, DC, USA.
  20. Page, J. W. and J. W. Andrews. 1973. Interaction of dietary levels of protein and energy on channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). J. Nutr. 103:1339-1346.
  21. Pei, Z., S. Xie, W. Lei, X. Zhu and Y. Yang. 2004. Comparative study on the effect of dietary lipid level on growth and feed utilization for gibel carp (Carassius suratus gibelio) and Chinese longsnout catfish (Leiocassis longirostris Gunther). Aquac. Nutr. 10:209-216. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2095.2004.00291.x
  22. Satoh, S., W. E. Poe and R. P. Wilson. 1989. Effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids on weight gain and liver polar lipid fatty acid composition of fingerling channel catfish. J. Nutr. 119:23-28.
  23. Statistics Korea. 2010. Fishery production survey. Retrieved Mar. 15, 2011, from http://fs.fips.go.kr.
  24. Walton, M. J. and C. B. Cowey. 1982. Aspects of intermediary metabolism in fish. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 73B:59-79.
  25. Yoshimatsu, T., H. Imoto, M. Hayash, K. Toda and K. Yoshimura. 1997. Preliminary results in improving essential fatty acids enrichments of rotifer cultured in high diensity. Hydrobiologia 358:153-157. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1003161214088

Cited by

  1. Influence of Dietary Beef Tallow and Dextrin on the Growth and Body Composition of Juvenile Far Eastern Catfish Silurus asotus vol.46, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5657/KFAS.2013.0310
  2. ) vol.22, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12229
  3. vol.23, pp.2, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12395
  4. Dietary lipid concentrations influence growth, liver oxidative stress, and serum metabolites of juvenile hybrid snakehead (Channa argus × Channa maculata) vol.24, pp.5, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10499-016-9993-0
  5. , Feed vol.48, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1111/jwas.12414
  6. ) pp.0974-1844, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1080/09712119.2017.1357560