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Resveratrol inhibits the protein expression of transcription factors related adipocyte differentiation and the activity of matrix metalloproteinase in mouse fibroblast 3T3-L1 preadipocytes

  • Kang, Nam E ;
  • Ha, Ae Wha ;
  • Kim, Ji Young ;
  • Kim, Woo Kyoung
  • Received : 2012.09.11
  • Accepted : 2012.11.05
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

This study attempted to investigate the effects of resveratrol on the differentiation of adipocytes. After cells were treated with various concentrations of resveratrol (0, 10, 20, and 40 ${\mu}mol/L$), adipocyte proliferation, the protein expression of transcription factors, and MMPs' activities were determined. Cell proliferation was inhibited more within 4 days of incubation (P<0.05), and lipid accumulation in adipocyte was significantly inhibited by 93.8%, 92.4% and 91.5%, respectively, after two days of 10, 20, and 40 ${\mu}mol/L$ resveratrol treatment (P<0.05). Six days of incubation with the three resveratrol concentrations caused a significantly decreases of 63%, 59.9%, and 25.1% GPDH activity as a dose-dependent response. The triglyceride concentration also decreased significantly with the increase of resveratrol concentration (P<0.05). The protein expression of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/$EBP{\beta}$) was decreased significantly by 56% and 30% while $PPAR{\gamma}$ was significantly reduced by 57% and 15% with resveratrol treatments of 20 and 40 ${\mu}mol/L$, respectively (P<0.05). The protein expression of C/$EBP{\alpha}$ was decreased by 83%, 74%, and 38% to increased dosage levels, with significance determined for this decrease from 20 ${\mu}mol/L$ of resveratrol. The protein expression of fatty acid binding protein (FABP4) was decreased significantly by 88%, 72%, and 46% with the increase of resveratrol concentration. The activity of MMP-2 was decreased significantly by 84%, 70%, and 63% while MMP-9 activity was decreased significantly by 74%, 62%, and 39% with the increased resveratrol concentrations of 10, 20, and 40 ${\mu}mol/L$, respectively (P<0.05).

Keywords

Adipocyte;resveratrol;transcription factor;matrix metalloproteinase;differentiation

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : KEIT