DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Mechanical Working System on Labor-Saving in Wheat Cultivation

밀 기계화 작업체계에 의한 노력 절감 효과

  • 김학신 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 김영진 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 김경훈 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 이광원 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 신상현 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 정영근 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부) ;
  • 박기훈 (농촌진흥청 국립식량과학원 벼맥류부)
  • Received : 2012.08.06
  • Accepted : 2012.09.25
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the wheat cultivation system to reduce costs and mechanize wheat production. A field study was conducted for 2 years (2009 to 2010) at the National institute of crop science, Iksan, Korea. We used working system I and working system II for the experiment. Working system I is used a multiple machine attached with a spreader tractor (seeding, fertilization, seed coverage, and weed control functionality) and working system II is used a multiple machine with a tractor which works for simultaneous job when seeding step (seeding, fertilization, and seed coverage). Sowing to harvesting operation time is 118 hours/ha for mechanize with conventional planting. Working system I is a multiple machine and a combine machine with a tractor, which worked 26 hours/ha lower than conventional planting. Working system II is 18 hours/ha lower than conventional planting. The reduced work efforts of working system I and II were 78% and 85% respectively. The growth and yield of wheat according to working system I and II is lower than conventional planting. Therefore, a multiple machine needs to study for appropriate seeding rate. Mechanization cost in consideration of the mechanical break-even point when the working system I is 3.7 ha and working system II is 4.2 ha. The farm income is enhanced by working system I (778,110 won/ha) and working system II (849,930 won/ha). The results showed that application of a multiple machine lowered costs of wheat production.

Keywords

wheat;cultivation;labor-saving;mechanical

References

  1. Chae, J. C., C. S. Koo, and R. D. Park. 1996. Problems on Cultural Technique in Large Scale Mechanized Rice. Korean J. Crop Sci. 41(2) : 243-249.
  2. Chae, J. C., C. S. Koo, and Y. C. Gweon. 1996. Analysis of Production Cost in Large Scale Mechanized Rice Cultivation. Korean J. Crop Sci. 41(2) : 250-256.
  3. Cho. S. J. 2000. The introduced scale of labor-saving mechanized cropping sysem. Office of Agricultural Management Information. (In Korean).
  4. Kang, C. S., H. S. Kim., Y. K. Cheong. J. G. Kim., K. H. Park, and C. S. Park. 2008. Flour characteristics and End-use quality of commercial flour produced from Korean wheat and imported wheat. Korea J. Food Preserv. 15(5) : 687-693.
  5. Kim, M. H. 1978. Study on the development of cultivation technology in Korea varies and Realities. Rural development Administration (RDA), Annual research report, 20(Crop) : 79-113 (In Korean).
  6. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MIFAFF). 2009. Statistics of Agriculture and Forestry. pp. 208, 273-303. (In Korean).
  7. Kim, T. S. and J. H. Lee. 1987. Test of barley broadcast sowing during rice seedling stand. Kyeongsanbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Annual research report 159- 162 (In Korean).
  8. Korea Rural Economic Institute(KREI). 2010. World Agriculture. 124 : 71-77. (In Korean).
  9. Lim, S. G., J. M. Ko, D. Y. Suh, and S. P. Hong. 1999. Studies on Broadcasted Cultivation of Barley with Rice Harvest. J. of Biosystems Eng.., 4(1) : 45-52 (In Korean).
  10. Min, K. S., J. O. Guh, and I. K. Kim. 1981. Comparative Study of Labor-Saving Structure in Various Sowing Methods of Winter Barley. Korean J. Crop Sci. 26(4) : 31 1-317.
  11. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MIFAFF). 2010. Measures for Rice Industry Development and Diversification of Rice Field Agricultural in 2010. (In Korean)
  12. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MIFAFF). 20011a. Measures for Diversification of Rice Field Agriculture (In Korean).
  13. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MIFAFF). 2011b. Paddy Cultivation Technology of Upland for Income Diversification 2011 (In Korean).
  14. Park, P. S., H. U. Jeong, and C. S. Hong. 1990. Studies for Management on Varices Mechanized of Collective Cultivation. Journal of Rural development Administration (RDA). 32(3) : 73-82 (In Korean).
  15. Rhee. J. Y., Y. Y. Kim, Y. K. Kim, S. L. Park, and M. S. Park. 2000. Development of Barley Drill Seeder Attatched to Combine. J. of Biosystems Eng. 5(1) : 637-642 (In Korean).
  16. Yun. Y. S. and Kyun. J. B. 2000. The selection test of Barley broadcast sowing adaptation varieties during Rice Seedling stand. Kyeongsanbuk-do Agricultural Research & Extension Services, Annual research report (In Korean).