Stages of Change, Processes of Change, and Decisional Balance for Weight Control Associated with Body Mass Index in Female Adolescents

여자 청소년의 체질량지수에 따른 체중조절행위 변화단계, 변화과정과 의사결정균형 비교

  • Chae, Sun-Mi (College of Nursing.The Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University)
  • 채선미 (서울대학교 간호대학.간호과학연구소)
  • Received : 2011.12.12
  • Accepted : 2012.06.16
  • Published : 2012.06.30


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare variables related to weight control between normal weight and overweight/obese female adolescents. Methods: This study is a supplementary analysis using a total of 293 female adolescents in Seoul. Data were collected through self-report questionnaires on the topics of stages of change, processes of change, and the decisional balance pertaining to weight control. Body weight and height were also measured. Results: There was a significant difference in the stages of change between the normal weight and overweight/obese groups. Of 12 processes of change, 9 processes were significantly higher in the overweight/obese group than in the normal weight groups. Also, female adolescents who were overweight or obese had significantly higher pros and eating efficacy scores comparing to those in the normal weight group. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that overweight/obese female adolescents, especially those in the action stage need supports to continue their weight control behaviors. In addition, a weight control program for female adolescents should emphasize their participation in physical activities in addition to their dietary control efforts.