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Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases by Water Management of SRI (System of Rice Intensification) in Rice Paddy Fields

논에서 SRI (System of Rice Intensification) 물 관리 방법을 적용한 온실가스 저감 효과

Kim, Gun-Yeob;Lee, Seul-Bi;Lee, Jong-Sik;Choi, Eun-Jung;Ryu, Jong-Hee
김건엽;이슬비;이종식;최은정;유종희

  • Received : 2012.11.02
  • Accepted : 2012.12.05
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

Water competition among domestic, industrial and agricultural sectors has been gradually heightened recently in Korea as the lack of water supply is expected in the near future. About 46% of nation's water use is consumed in paddy farming to produce rice. And the conservation of water resource and quality in agricultural sector is a pending issue in the nation's long term water management plan. New paddy rice farming techniques that use significantly less irrigation water are urgently required. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) that is now well known to produce more rice with less water consumption has not been tried in Korea yet. And environmental effect of SRI on greenhouse gases (GHGs) has not been well investigated. The objective of this study was to measure the effect of SRI on GHGs as well as water use and rice yield in a Korean paddy condition. Three experimental runoff plots $5{\times}15m$ in size were prepared at an existing paddy field. Runoff, GHGs emission and water quality were measured during the 2011 growing seasons while a Japonica rice variety was cultivated. Rice plants grew better and healthier in SRI plots than in continuously flooded (CF) and intermittently drained (ID) plots. Rice yield from SRI plots increased 112.8 (ID)~116.1 (CF)% compared with CF and ID plots. Irrigation requirement of SRI plots compared to CF plot reduced by 52.6% and ID plot reduced by 62.0%, meaning that about 37.9~47.4% of irrigation water could be saved. GHGs emission from SRI plots reduced by 71.8% compared to that from CF plot and by 18.4% compared to that from ID plot, meaning that SRI could help contribute to ease the greenhouse gas accumulation in the atmosphere. It was believed that SRI is a promising paddy farming technique that could increase rice yield, and reduce irrigation water requirement and GHGs emission not just in Korea but also other rice farming countries all over the world. However, it was recommended that long term studies under different conditions including rice variety, soil texture, water source, climate need to be conducted for reliable data for the development of environmental policies related to GHGs emission control and management.

Keywords

Irrigation;Paddy;System of rice intensification;greenhouse gas emission

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Cited by

  1. Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs) by Water Management Methods in Rice Paddy Field vol.48, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2015.48.5.477
  2. Effects of Water Management Methods on CH4and N2O Emission From Rice Paddy Field vol.46, pp.6, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2013.46.6.599
  3. Simulation of GHG Emission from Paddy Field using DNDC Model vol.56, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5389/KSAE.2014.56.2.047
  4. Effect of Tillage Depths on Methane Emission and Rice Yield in Paddy Soil during Rice Cultivation vol.60, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.2.167

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 국립농업과학원