The Changing Social Expenditure Structure of OECD Countries on A New Social Risk Structure

새로운 사회적 위험구조에 의한 OECD 국가의 사회지출구조 변화

  • 변영우 (연세대학교 사회복지연구소)
  • Received : 2012.10.05
  • Accepted : 2012.11.01
  • Published : 2012.11.30

Abstract

This study explores a changing social expenditure structure of welfare states on new social risks, using logistic regression analysis with Panel Corrected Standard Errors Model on panel data of 1997-2007 years from 27 OECD nations. The result of this study presents that social expenditure structures have been adjusted with new social risk structure due to trade openness, female employment rates, and child population rates. Greater trade openness, higher women's employment rates, and lower child population rates are, more social investment expenditures are than income security expenditures. Rates of employment in service industries and elderly population rates are not statistically significant on the change of social expenditure structure. This result does not imply a complete switch from demand-based to supply-based social policy, but somewhat reflects transitions of a social welfare system for changing economic and social environments in order to sustain welfare state economically.