DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Amynthas carnosus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) redescribed on its neotype (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Megascolecidae)

  • Blakemore, Robert J.
  • Received : 2012.01.18
  • Accepted : 2012.02.09
  • Published : 2012.02.28

Abstract

Japanese/Korean Amynthas carnosus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) is redescribed from a newly designated Neotype (Tokyo NSMT An435). An annotated synonymy is presented that nominally includes: kyamikia Kobayashi, 1934, monstrifera Kobayashi, 1936, sangyeoli, youngtai, kimhaeiensis, sinsiensis and baemsagolensis - all Korean names by Hong & James, 2001, and Taiwanese monsoonus James et al., 2005. However, Chinese A. pingi (Stephenson 1925) (syn. fornicata Gates, 1935) is maintained separately, at least for the present, until its comprehensive review, possibly extending to DNA barcode differentiation.

Keywords

Asian taxonomic housekeeping;invasive earthworm synonyms;pheretimoid

References

  1. Blakemore, R.J. 2000. Tasmanian Earthworms. CD-ROM Monograph with Review of World Families. 'VermEcology', PO BOX 414 Kippax 2615. Canberra, December, 2000, pp. 800 including 222 figures. ISBN 0-646-41088- 1.
  2. Blakemore, R.J. 2002. Cosmopolitan Earthworms - an Eco- Taxonomic Guide to the Peregrine Species of the World. VermEcology, PO BOX 414 Kippax, ACT 2615, Australia, pp. 506 plus 80 figs.
  3. Blakemore, R.J. 2003. Japanese Earthworms (Annelida: Oligochaeta): a review and checklist of species. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 3(3):241-244 [Available from: 2003-11 http://www.senckenberg.de/odes/03-11. htm]. https://doi.org/10.1078/1439-6092-00082
  4. Blakemore, R.J. 2004. Checklist of Japanese Earthworms updated from Easton (1981). In: A.G. Moreno & S. Borges (eds.), Avances en taxonomia de lombrices de tierra/Advances in earthworm taxonomy (Annelida: Oligochaeta). Editorial Complutense, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain, pp. 155-162.
  5. Blakemore, R.J. 2007. Japanese Earthworms. In: M. Ito & N. Kaneko (eds.), A Series of Searchable Texts on Earthworm Biodiversity, Ecology and Systematics from Various Regions of the World. CD-ROM, Yokohama National University, Japan [Available from: http://bio-eco.eis.ynu. ac.jp/eng /database/earthworm/, accessed January 2012].
  6. Blakemore, R.J. 2008. Korean earthworm species-updated checklist. In: N. Kaneko & M.T. Ito (eds.), A Series of Searchable Texts on Earthworm Biodiversity, Ecology and Systematics from Various Regions of the World-Supplemental [Available from: http://www.annelida.net/ earthworm/, accessed January 2012].
  7. Blakemore, R.J. 2010a. Unravelling some Kinki worms (Annelida: Oligochaeta: Megadrili: Megascolecidae) Part II. Opuscula Zoologica 42(2):191-206 [Available from: http: //opuscula.elte.hu/PDF/Tomus41_2/3_%20Blakemore_ Kiniki2.pdf].
  8. Blakemore, R.J. 2010b. Unravelling some Kinki worms supplement: [Available from: http://opuscula.elte.hu/Tomus41 _2/Blakemore_ App2.pdf].
  9. Blakemore, R.J. 2010c. Cosmopolitan Earthworms - an Eco-Taxonomic Guide to the Peregrine Species of the World. (4th Edn.). VermEcology So (i)lutions, Yokohama, Japan, pp. -850 +-350 Figs. & Internet links.
  10. Blakemore, R.J. and R. Ueshima. 2011. Catalogue of Annelida: Oligochaeta in University of Tokyo Zoology Museum (ZMUT). In: R. Ushima (ed.), Catalogue of Invertebrate Collection Deposited in the Department of Zoology, the University Museum, the University of Tokyo (3), Phylum Annelida (Class Polychaeta, Oligochaeta, and Hirudinida). Material Reports, No. 90, 59-83 [Available from: http:// umdb.um.u-tokyo. ac.jp/DDoubutu/invertebrate_en/index. html].
  11. Blakemore, R.J., C.-H. Chang, S.-C. Chuang, M.T. Ito, S. James and J.-H. Chen. 2006. Biodiversity of Earthworms in Taiwan: a species checklist with the confirmation and new records of the exotic lumbricids Eisenia fetida and Eiseniella tetraedra. Taiwania 51(3):226-236 [Available from: http://tai2. ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/taiwania.exe/dl?id= 507 or http://tai2. ntu.edu.tw/taiwania/pdf/tai.2006.51.3. 226.pdf or http://www.press.ntu.edu.tw/ejournal/Files/ taiwan/200609/10.pdf].
  12. Blakemore, R.J., E. Kupriyanova and M.J. Grygier. 2010. Neotypification of Drawida hattamimizu Hatai, 1930, (Oligochaeta: Megadrili: Moniligastridae) and the first COI sequence from an earthworm type. ZooKey 41:1-29 [Available from: http://pensoftonline.net/zookeys/index. php/journal/article /view/374/401]. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.41.374
  13. Chang, C.-H., H.-P. Shen and J.-H. Chen. 2009. Earthworm fauna of Taiwan. National University Press, Taipei, 167p.
  14. Chen, Y. 1936. On the terrestrial Oligochaeta from Szechuan II with the notes on Gates' types. Contribibutions of Biological Lababoratory of Science Society of China. Zoology 11:269-306.
  15. Chen, Y. 1959. Chinese Animal Atlas. Annelida. Science Press, Beijing [In Chinese].
  16. Easton, E.G. 1981. Japanese earthworms: a synopsis of the Megadrile species. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 40:33-65.
  17. Gates, G.E. 1939. On some species of Chinese earthworms with special reference to specimens collected in Szechuan by Dr. D.C. Graham. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 85:405-507 [Available from: si-dppr. si.edu/dspace/bitstream/10088/16290/USNMP-85_3040 _1939. pdf]. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.3040.405
  18. Gates, G.E. 1943. On some American and Oriental earthworms. Ohio Journal of Science 43:87-116.
  19. Gates, G.E. 1972. Burmese Earthworms, an introduction to the systematics and biology of Megadrile oligochaetes with special reference to South-East Asia. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 62(7):1-326 [Available from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1006214 in 2011].
  20. Goto, S. and S. Hatai. 1899. New or imperfectly known species of earthworms. No. 2. Annotations Zoologicae Japonensis 3(1):13-24.
  21. Hong, Y. and S.W. James. 2001. Five new earthworms of the genus Amynthas Kinberg, 1867 (Megascolecidae) with four pairs of spermathecae. Zoolological Studies 40(4): 269-275.
  22. Hong, Y. and T.-H. Kim. 2002. Four new Earthworms of the genus Amynthas (Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) from Korea. Korean Journal of Biological Science 6:195-199.
  23. ICZN. 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (4th edition). International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, c/o Natural History Museum, London. pp. 306. [Available from: http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp].
  24. Ishizuka, K. 2001. Taxonomic study of the genus Pheretima s. lat (Oligochaeta, Megascolecidae) from Japan. Bulletin of Seikei University 33(3):1-125.
  25. James, S.W., H.-T. Shih and H.-W. Chang. 2005. Seven new species of Amynthas (Clitellata: Megascolecidae) and new earthworm records from Taiwan. Journal of Natural History 39(14):1007-1028. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222930400001434
  26. Kinberg, J.G.H. 1867. Annulata nova. Ofversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-akademiens forhandlingar, Stockholm 23:97- 103, 356-357 [Available from: http://www.mediafire.com /file/4zqngvzztjw/Kinberg1867a.pdf].
  27. Kobayashi, S. 1934. Three new Korean earthworms belonging to the genus Pheretima, together with the wider range of the distribution of Pheretima hilgendorfi (Michaelsen). Journal of Chosen Natural History Society 19:1-11.
  28. Kobayashi, S. 1936a. Distribution and some external characteristics of Pheretima (Ph.) carnosa (Goto et Hatai) from Korea. Science Report of the Tohoku Imperial University 11(1):115-138.
  29. Kobayashi, S. 1936b. Earthworms from Koryo, Korea. Science Report of the Tohoku Imperial University 11(1):139- 184.
  30. Kobayashi, S. 1937. Preliminary survey of the earthworms of Quelpart Island. Science Report of the Tohoku Imperial University (B) 11(3):333-351.
  31. Kobayashi, S. 1938. Earthworms of Korea I. Science Report of the Tohoku Imperial University 13(2):89-170.
  32. Na, Y.E., H.S. Bang, S.I. Kwon, M.H. Kim and Y.-J. Ahn. 2010. Hazardous effects of eight years of application of four organic waste materials on earthworm numbers and biomass in field Lysimeters. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 60:99-106 [Available from: http://www. springerlink.com/content/p415175637 03w800/].
  33. Nakamura, Y. 1999. Checklist of Earthworms of Pheretima Genus Group (Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) of the World. Edaphologia 64:1-78.
  34. Ohfuchi, S. 1937. On the species possessing four pairs of spermathecae in the genus Pheretima, together with the variability of some external and internal characteristics. Saito Ho-On Kai Museum Research Bulletin 12:31-136.
  35. Shen, H.-P., C.-F. Tsai and S.-C. Tsai. 2003. Six new earthworms of the genus Amynthas (Oligochaeta: Megascolecidae) from Central Taiwan. Zoolological Studies 42(4): 479-490 [Available from: https://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/ Journals/42.4/279.pdf].
  36. Shen, H.-P., S.-C. Tsai, C.-F. Tsai and J.-H. Chen. 2005. Occurrence of the Earthworm Amynthas carnosus (Goto and Hatai, 1899) in the Northern Taiwan. Endemic Species Research 7(1):95-100 [Available from: https://tesri. coa.gov.tw/files/tesri_protect/124/070108.pdf].
  37. Sims, R.W. and E.G. Easton. 1972. A numerical revision of the earthworm genus Pheretima auct. (Megascolecidae: Oligochaeta) with the recognition of new genera and an appendix on the earthworms collected by the Royal Society North Borneo Expedition. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, London 4:1-169. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.1972.tb00687.x
  38. Tsai, C.-F., H.-P. Shen, S.-C. Tsai and H.-L. Hsih. 2006. A checklist of Oligochaetes from Taiwan and Its Adjacent Islands [Available from: https://gra103.aca.ntu.edu.tw/ gdoc/D93B41001a.pdf/, accessed January 2012].
  39. Tsai, C.-F., H.-P. Shen, S.-C. Tsai, K.-J. Lin, H.-L. Hsieh and S.-P. Yo. 2009. A checklist of oligochaetes (Annelida) from Taiwan and adjacent islands. Zootaxa 2133:33-48.

Cited by

  1. Jeju-do earthworms (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea)-Quelpart Island revisited vol.2, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2013.2.1.015
  2. Ulleung-do earthworms - Dagelet Island revisited vol.2, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2013.2.1.055
  3. Survey of Busan Oligochaeta earthworms supported by DNA barcodes vol.2, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.127
  4. Megascolex (Perichaeta) diffringens Baird, 1869 and Pheretima pingi Stephenson, 1925 types compared to the Amynthas corticis (Kinberg, 1867) and A. carnosus (Goto & Hatai, 1899) species-groups (Oligochaeta: Megadrilacea: Megascolecidae) vol.2, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2013.2.2.099
  5. Account of montane and insular speciation in some Korean megadriles (Annelida: Oligochaeta) vol.4, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.12651/JSR.2015.4.1.001