Damage of Zoysiagrass by Zoysiagrass Mite, Aceria zoysiae in Korean Golf Courses

우리나라에서 잔디혹응애(Aceria zoysiae: 신칭)에 의한 골프장 들잔디 피해

  • Park, Dae-Sub (Turfgrass & Environment Research Institute, Samsung Everland Inc.) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Ho (Department of Plant Quarantine, QIA, MIFAFF) ;
  • Cho, Myeong-Rae (National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Yong-Sun (Turfgrass & Environment Research Institute, Samsung Everland Inc.) ;
  • Kim, Kyung-Duck (Turfgrass & Environment Research Institute, Samsung Everland Inc.) ;
  • Kim, Jong Ju (Department of Applied Biology, Institute of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choo, Ho Yul (Department of Applied Biology, Institute of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong Woon (School of Ecological Environment and Tourism, Kyungpook National University)
  • 박대섭 (삼성에버랜드 잔디환경연구소) ;
  • 이종호 (농림수산검역검사본부 식물검역부) ;
  • 조명래 (원예특작과학원) ;
  • 김용선 (삼성에버랜드 잔디환경연구소) ;
  • 김경덕 (삼성에버랜드 잔디환경연구소) ;
  • 김종주 (경상대학교 생물응용학과) ;
  • 추호렬 (경상대학교 생물응용학과) ;
  • 이동운 (경북대학교 생태환경관광학부)
  • Received : 2012.10.29
  • Accepted : 2012.11.26
  • Published : 2012.12.31


This study provides basic information on morphological characteristics of zoysia mite, Aceria zoysiae and symptom in zoysiagrass for turfgrass management in golf courses. Zoysiagrass mite distributed from Pocheon, Gyeonggii province to Jinju, Gyeongnam province and damaged turfgrasses from spring to fall. Damaged leaf by zoysiagrass mite was rolled unidirectionally and mite damaged leaves in the inside of rolled part. Leaves was turned to yellow and damaged area formed irregular yellow patch.

골프장에서 잔디혹응애에 의한 들잔디 피해와 형태적 특징을 조사하여 골프장 잔디관리의 기초자료를 제공하고자 연구를 수행하였다. 잔디혹응애는 경기도 포천에서 경남 진주까지 전국적으로 발생하고 있었으며 봄부터 가을까지 피해가 나타났다. 피해 받은 잔디는 엽의 한쪽면이 말리고, 응애는 말린 잎 안에서 가해하였다. 피해잔디의 말려진 부분은 황화 되었으며 골프장에서는 회색의 불규칙한 패치형 병반을 형성하고 있었다.


Supported by : Kyungpook National University


  1. Baker, E.W., Kono, T. and O'Neill, N.R. 1986. Eriophyes zoysiae (Acari: Eriophyidae), a new species of eriophyid mite on zoysiagrass. Internat. J. Acarol. 12:3-6.
  2. Choo, H.Y., Lee, D.W., Lee, S.M., Lee, T.W., Choi, W.G., Chung, Y.K. and Sung, Y.T. 2000. Turfgrass insect pests and natural enemies in golf courses. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 39:171-179.
  3. Cranshaw, W.S., Reinert, J.A. and Stamm, M.D. 2012. Clover and other non-eriophyid mites, In Brandenburg, R.L., and Freeman, C.P.(Eds.), Handbook of turfgrass insects, second edition. pp. 24-28. APS Press. St. Paul, USA.
  4. de Lillo, E., and Skoracka, A. 2010. What's "cool" on eriophyoid mites? Exp. Appl. Acarol. 51:3-30.
  5. Gamliel-Atinsky, E., Freeman, S., Maymon, M., Belausov, E., Ochoa, R., Bauchan, G., Skoracka, A., Pena, J. and Palevsky, E. 2010. The role of eriophyoids in fungal pathogen epidemiology: more association or true interaction? Exp. Appl. Acarol. 51:191-204.
  6. Hoy, M.A. 2011. Agricultural acarology: introduction to integrated mite management. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA. p. 410.
  7. Hudson, W.G., and Reinert, J.A. 2012. Eriophyid mite pests (Burmudagrass, zoysiagrass, Buffalograss, grain rust and St. Augustinegrass), In Brandenburg, R.L., and Freeman, C.P.(Eds.), Handbook of turfgrass insects, second edition. pp.30-33. APS Press. St. Paul, USA.
  8. Korea Crop Protection Association (KCCP). 2012. 2012 guide of crop protection agent. Korea Crop Protection Association. Seoul. Korea.
  9. McMaugh, P. 2012. Mite damage-a survey of four worm season turf grasses. Horticulture Australia Limited final report (TU10002). Horticulture Australia Ltd. Sydney, Australia. p. 77.
  10. Patton, A. 2012. Zoysiagrass mite. University of Arkansas turfgrass science. (Accessed November 5, 2012)
  11. Potter, D.A. 1998. Destructive turfgrass insects: biology, diagnosis, and control. Ann Arbor Press Inc. Chelsea, Michigan, USA. p.344.
  12. Reinert, J.A., Engelke, M.C. and Morton, S.J. 1993. Zoysiagrass resistance to the zoysiagrass mite, Eriophyes zoysiae (Acari: Eriophyidae). Int. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 7:885-888.
  13. Skoracka, A., Smith, L., Oldfield, G., Cristofaro, M. and Amrine J.W. 2010. Host-plant specificity and specialization in eriophyoid mites and their importance for the use of eriophyoid mites as biocontrol agents of weeds. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 51:93-113.

Cited by

  1. Observation of Scleropthora macrospora Causing Downy Mildew from Zoysiagrass with Leaf Yellowing and Excessive Tillering vol.5, pp.1, 2016,
  2. Sod Production and Current Status of Cultivation Management in Korea vol.2, pp.1, 2013,
  3. Insect Pests in Turf Sod Production Areas in Korea vol.3, pp.2, 2014,
  4. (Acari: Eriophyidae) in turfgrasses in Korea vol.49, pp.1, 2019,