DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Study on Differences in Perception of Weight Management, Balanced Food Intake, Knowledge of Obesity, and Nutrition Knowledge in Male and Female University Students

남녀 대학생의 체중관리, 식품섭취 균형성, 비만지식, 영양지식 인지차이에 관한 연구

  • Kang, Nam-E (Department of Food and Nutrition, Eulji University) ;
  • Kim, Juhyeon (Division of Tourism Information Management, Dong Seoul University) ;
  • Yoon, Hei-Ryeo (Division of Food Sciences, major in Foodservice Management and Nutrition)
  • 강남이 (을지대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김주현 (동서울대학 호텔외식조리전공) ;
  • 윤혜려 (국립공주대학교 외식상품학전공)
  • Received : 2012.11.21
  • Accepted : 2012.12.14
  • Published : 2012.12.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine differences in perception of weight management, balanced food intake, knowledge of obesity, and nutrition knowledge in university students. The average weight and height of male subjects were $175.0{\pm}5.7cm$ and $69.1{\pm}11.8kg$, whereas those of female subjects were $161.7{\pm}5.0cm$ and $51.7{\pm}6.9kg$, respectively. Average scores for balanced food intake were not significantly different between male and female students. The total number of correct answers for obesity knowledge was not significantly different according to gender, but four responses related with losing weight showed higher perception scores in females compared to males (p<0.05). The total number of correct answers for nutrition knowledge was not significantly different between males and females. The average BMI of male and female subjects were $22.5{\pm}3.44$ and $19.7{\pm}2.21$, respectively, ranged in normality. Self-evaluation of body shape was mostly in the normal or standard range in both males and females, but females showed a higher perception rate of chubby or fat than males. The percentages of interest in weight management was 36.0% in males and 50.8% in females, with higher interest in female subjects (p<0.01).

References

  1. Ahn BRM, Park ES. 2009. Perception of body weight control, life styles, and dietary habits according to the obesity index (OI) of female college students, J Korean Home Economics Assoc., 18(1):167-179 https://doi.org/10.5934/KJHE.2009.18.1.167
  2. Cheong SH, Na YJ, Lee EH, Chang KH. 2007. Anthropometric measurement, dietary behaviors, health-related behaviors and nutrient intake according to life-styles of college students. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr., 36(12):1560-1570 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2007.36.12.1560
  3. Chin JH, Chang KJ. 2005. College students' attitude toward body weight control, healthrelated life-style and dietary behavior by selfperception on body image and obesity index. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr., 34(10):1559-1565 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2005.34.10.1559
  4. Cho HK, Kim MH. 2010. Dietary behavior and nutrient intake in university female students according to taste preference. J Korean Diet Assoc., 16(2):100-115
  5. Cho SH, Yu HH. 2007. Nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, dietary habits and awareness of food-nutrition labelling by girl's high school students. Korean J Comm Nutr., 12(5):519-533
  6. Choi MK, Jun YS, Kim AJ. 2001. A Comparative study of dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes according to alcohol drinking among male university students in Chungnam. J Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 30(5):978-985
  7. Ha KH. 2005. Perception and patterns for weight control of the female college students. J Human Ecology, 9(2):197-209
  8. Her ES, Kang HU, Lee KH. 2003. The factors associated with weight control experiences among adolescents. Korean J Comm Nutr., 8(5):658-666
  9. International Obesity Task Force, 2000. Report on the Asia-Pacific perspective: Redefining obesity and its treatment. International Obesity Task Force, Sydney, Australia pp. 12-25
  10. Kang NE, Chung HK. 1992. A study on the sex bias in the nutrition knowledge, food preference and food roles in the family. Korean J Food & Nutr., 5(1):33-40
  11. Kim HS. 2003. A Study on the university students' obesity status and acknowledgement. Korea Sport Research, 14(6):1417-1433
  12. Kim JR. 2007. Comparisons of dietary behaviors and the recognition of body figures of male and female university students according to the body mass index. Master's degree thesis. University of Suwon, pp. 17-25
  13. Kim JG. 2012. Perception of body weight control and dietary habits in college students according to exercise regularity. J. Coaching Development, 14(1):115-123
  14. Kim KN, Kim YH. 2004. Factors related to eating disorder behavior in university students. J Korean Home Economics Assoc., 4:83-97
  15. Kim KW, Shin EM, Moon EH. 2004. A study on fast food consumption, nutritional knowledge, food behavior and dietary intake of university students. J Korean Diet Assoc., 10(1):13-24
  16. Kim SY, Lee HM, Song KH. 2007. Body image recognition and dietary behaviors of college students according to the body mass index. Korean J Comm Nutr., 12(1):3-12
  17. Kim J, Ha AW, Kang NE. 2010. Difference in table attitudes, eating habits, and nutrition knowledge in elementary school boys and girls. Korean J Food & Nutr., 23(4):623-632
  18. Ku BI, Lee KA. 2000. A survey on dietary habit and nutritional knowledge for elementary school children's nutritional education. Korean J Diet Culture, 15(3):201-213
  19. Lee MS. 2008. Nutrition and Diet. Gyomunsa Inc., pp. 252
  20. Lee SM, Kwak CS. 2006. The comparison in daily intake of nutrients, quality of diets and dietary habis between male and female college students in Daejeon. Korean J Comm Nutr., 11(1):39-51
  21. Lim YJ, Rha HB. 2007. Weight control and associated factors among health-related major female college students in Seoul. Korean J Comm Nutr., 12(3):247-258
  22. Lee JS, Yun JW. 2003. A study on perception about body image, dietary attitude, dietary self-efficacy and nutrient intake of high school students in Busan. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr., 32(2):295-301 https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2003.32.2.295
  23. McConaghy J. 1989. Adults beliefs about the determinants of successful dietary changes. Comm Health Study, 13(4):492-502
  24. Mam HJ, Kim YS. 2005. Study on association between risk of eating disorder and self-esteem on body image. Korean J Food & Nutr., 18(2):115-126
  25. Park HO. 2002. The evaluation of nutrition knowledge and dietary habits in elementary school children of Gyoonggi area. Master's degree thesis. Yonsei University, pp 51-57
  26. Park SH. 2010. The development of WEB nutrition education program based on study the nutrition knowledge for obesity, dietary behavior for college students. Master's degree thesis. Konkuk University, pp. 26-27
  27. Park YS, Kwon MK. 2007. A study on the nutrition status and eating behaviors of underweight adolescent females. aged 15-19 years. using data from 2001 NHANS of Korea. J Korean Home Economics Assoc., 45(10):1225-0937
  28. Sohng KY, Park CS. 2003. Eating habits, trend of disordered eating, weight reduction practice and body size evaluation of college students in Seoul. Korean J Womens Health Nursing, 9(4):457-466
  29. Terrll G. 1997. Determinants of gender differences in dietary behavior. Nutr Research, 17(7):1105-1120 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0271-5317(97)00082-1
  30. Yoon HR. 2010. College students' dietary behavior for processed foods and the level of perception on food nutrition labeling system according to the level of nutrition knowledge. Master's degree thesis. Sangji University, pp. 28-42
  31. Yu JY, Ro HK. 2009. Gender differences in obesity rates, nutrient intakes, and dietary behaviors among college students. J East Asian Soc. Dietary Life, 19(6):846-855
  32. "뚱뚱 또는 빼빼. .한국인 몸매 점점 양극화". 중앙일보. 2012년 10월11일. http://joongang.joinsmsn.com/article/aid/2012/10/11/9172357.html?cloc=olink|article|default 2012.10.13
  33. "살찐男.살뺀女 국민건강영양조사". 한국경제. 2011년11월14 일. http://www.hankyung.com/news/app/newsview.php?aid=2011111445641 2012.10.11

Cited by

  1. A Study on Sodium-related Dietary Attitude and Behaviors According to Sodium-related Nutrition Knowledge of University Students vol.20, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2015.20.5.327
  2. Health-related Factors, Nutrition Knowledge and Dietary Habits among Nursing and Allied Health College Students vol.28, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.15434/kssh.2015.28.3.158
  3. Differences in Solo Eating Perceptions and Dietary Behaviors of University Students by Gender vol.21, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.14373/JKDA.2015.21.1.57
  4. A Study on Rreproductive Health Promoting Behavior among Male and Female Uundergraduate Students of One University vol.21, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.14370/jewnr.2015.21.2.140