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The Effect of Opuntia humifusa Seed Extracts on Platelet Aggregation and Serum Lipid Level in Ovariectomized Rats

천년초 씨 추출물이 난소를 절제한 흰쥐의 혈소판 응집과 혈청 내 지질 조성에 미치는 영향

Hwang, Hyun Jung;Kang, Min Sook;Kim, Bo Kyung;Jung, Bok-Mi;Kim, Mihyang
황현정;강민숙;김보경;정복미;김미향

  • Received : 2012.11.04
  • Accepted : 2012.12.16
  • Published : 2012.12.30

Abstract

Postmenopausal women are at an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease, primarily due to dyslipidemia that accompanies the loss of estrogen secretion. This study was performed to investigate the effects of Opuntia humifusa seed extracts on blood flow and serum lipid level in ovariectomized rats. Twenty-eight 9-week old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four groups as sham-operated rats (SHAM), ovariectomized rats (OVX-CON), and ovariectomized rats that were treated with Opuntia humifusa seed extracts (OVX-OHS 2% and OVX-OHS 6%). The diets were fed to the rats for 7 weeks after operation. Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride contents decreased in the SHAM group compared to the OVX-CON group. Seven weeks of feeding of Opuntia humifusa seed extracts resulted in significant (p<0.05) lowering of serum triglyceride and a decreasing tendency in total cholesterol levels. The level of HDL-cholesterol in serum increased significantly by feeding diets containing the 2% and 6% Opuntia humifusa seed hot-water extract (p<0.05). Blood passage times were shorter in the Opuntia humifusa seed extract-supplemented groups than in the untreated group (OVX-CON). The platelet aggregation ability was lower in groups treated with Opuntia humifusa seed extracts than in the OVX-CON group. These results suggest that Opuntia humifusa seed extracts may have benefits in improving metabolic syndrome in menopausal women.

Keywords

Opuntia humifusa;platelet aggregation;blood flow;serum lipids;ovariectomized rats

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