Suitability Classes for Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Using Soil and Climate Digital Database in Gangwon Province

강원도에서 토양과 기후 데이터베이스를 이용한 이탈리안 라이그라스의 재배 적지 구분

  • 김경대 (강원도농업기술원) ;
  • 성경일 (강원대학교 동물생명시스템학과) ;
  • 정영상 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 이현일 (강원대학교 바이오자원환경학과) ;
  • 김은정 (강원대학교 동물생명시스템학과) ;
  • ;
  • 조무환 (농어촌청소년육성재단) ;
  • 임영철 (국립축산과학원)
  • Received : 2012.11.07
  • Accepted : 2012.12.03
  • Published : 2012.12.31


As a part of establishing suitability classification for forage production, use of the national soil and climate database was attempted for Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam., IRG) in Gangwon Province. The soil data base were from Heugtoram of the National Academy of Agricultural Science, and the climate data base were from the National Center for Agro-Meteorology, respectively. Soil physical properties including soil texture, drainage, slope available depth and surface rock contents, and soil chemical properties including soil acidity and salinity, organic matter content were selected as soil factors. The crieria and weighting factors of these elements were scored. Climate factors including average daily minimum temperature, average temperature from March to May, the number of days of which average temperature was higher than $5^{\circ}C$ from September to December, the number of days of precipitation and its amount from October to May of the following year were selected, and criteria and weighting factors were scored. The electronic maps were developed with these scores using the national data base of soil and climate. Based on soil scores, the area of Goseong, Sogcho, Gangreung, and Samcheog in east coastal region with gentle slope were classified as the possible and/or the proper area for IRG cultivation in Gangwon Province. The lands with gentle or moderate slope of Cheolwon, Yanggu, Chuncheon, Hweongseong, Pyungchang and Jeongsun in west side slope of Taebaeg mountains were classified as the possible and/or proper area as well. Based on climate score, the east coastal area of Goseong, Sogcho, Yangyang, Gangreung and Samcheog could be classified as the possible or proper area. Most area located on west side of the Taebaeg mountains were classified as not suitable for IRG production. In scattered area in Chuncheon and Weonju, where the scores exceeded 60, the IRG cultivation should be carefully managed for good production. For better application of electronic maps.


Grant : 양질의 조사료 생산을 위한 맵핑시스템 구축

Supported by : 농촌진흥청


  1. Cho, M.H. 2007.
  2. Gangwon prvince. 2010. Statistical Year book of Gangwon 2010 (Area of Land Category). Gangwon provice.
  3. Gangwon province. 2011. White book of Gangwon provincial government. Gangwon province.
  4. Hyun, B.K., Jung, S.J., Sonn, Y.K., Park, C.W., Zhang, Y.S., Song, K.C., Kim, L.H., Choi, E.Y., Hong, S.Y., Kwon, S.I. and Jang, B.C. 2010. Comparison Between Methods for Suitability Classification of Wild Edible Greens. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer. 43(5):696-704.
  5. Kim, C.G., Lee, S.M., Jeong, H.K., Jang, J.K. and Lee, C.K. 2009. Impacts and Countermeasures of Climate Change in Korean Agriculture. Korea Rural Economic Institute.
  6. Kim, K.D., Sung, K.I., Jung, Y.S., Lee, H.I., Ghassemi Nejad, J., Lee, B.H., Kim, Y.J., Cho, M.H. and Lim, Y.C. 2012. Suitability classes for Italian ryegrass using soil and climate digital database in Gangwon Province. 2012 Proceedings 50th Symposium of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science. pp. 168-169.
  7. MIFAFF. 2008. jsp. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
  8. MIFAFF. 2010. Digital Climate Modeling for Agrometeorological Forecasting at watereshed scale. Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
  9. NAAS. 2010. National Academy of Agricultural Science.
  10. NAAS. 2012. National Academy of Agricultural Science.
  11. RDA. 1975. Standard Farming Handbook-25 'Fodder Crops'. Rural Development Administr- ation.
  12. RDA. 2005. Standard Farming Handbook-91 'Forage'. Rural Development Administration.
  13. Sung, K.I., Kim, E.J., Ghassemi Nejad, J., Cho, M.H., Jung, Y.S. and Yoon, S.H. 2011. Development of geographical information system based soil and climate map for forage production. in Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on sustainable animal agriculture for developing countries. p. 178, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand.
  14. Yun, J.I. 2010. Agroclimatic Maps Augmented by a GIS Technology. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 12(1):63-73.

Cited by

  1. A Study on the Prediction of Suitability Change of Forage Crop Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) using Spatial Distribution Model vol.16, pp.2, 2014,
  2. Detecting the Climate Factors related to Dry Matter Yield of Whole Crop Maize vol.17, pp.3, 2015,
  3. Land Suitability Assessment by Combining Classification Results by Climate and Soil Information Using the Most Limiting Characteristic Method in the Republic of Korea vol.18, pp.3, 2016,
  4. Constructing Italian ryegrass yield prediction model based on climatic data by locations in South Korea vol.63, pp.3, 2017,