- Volume 32 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Nutritive Value and Fermentation Quality of the Silage of Three Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinas L.) Cultivars at Three Different Growth Stages
- Kim, Byong Wan (College of Animal Resource Science, Kangwon National Univ.) ;
- Sung, Kyung Il (College of Animal Resource Science, Kangwon National Univ.) ;
- Nejad, Jalil Ghassemi (College of Animal Resource Science, Kangwon National Univ.) ;
- Shin, Jong Suh (College of Animal Resource Science, Kangwon National Univ.)
- 투고 : 2012.11.02
- 심사 : 2012.11.28
- 발행 : 2012.12.31
This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritive value and the quality of ensiled kenaf after fermentation with three cultivars at three different times of harvesting. Experimental plot were allocated with three harvest date (Early;8/3, medium;8/15 and late;8/28) and three cultivars (Tainung-a, Everglade, Whitten). The DM (dry matter) yield increased with maturity in all three cultivars, especially in Whitten which showed the highest yield at each harvest time. The DM content in Whitten at late harvesting time was higher than other treatments (231 g
연구 과제 주관 기관 : Kangwon National University
- AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. (15th Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington D.C., USA.
- ASPA-Associazione Scientifica di Produzione Animale- Commissione Valutazione Alimenti, 1982. Valutazionedeglialimenti di interessezootecnico: 2. Aspettimetodologicidelladigeribilit`a in vivo. Zootecniche Nutritional Animal. 8, 387-394.
- Danner, H., Holzer, M. Mayrhuber, E. and Braun, R. 2003. Acetic acid increases stability of silage under aerobic conditions. Applied Environmental Microbiology. vol. 69. no. 1 562-567. https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.69.1.562-567.2003
- D'Urso, G., Sinatra, M.C. Licitra, G. and Avondo, M. 1987. Composizionechimico-nutritiva e caratteristiche di fermentazionedelkenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) insilato. Tecchology Agriculutre. 4, 5-14.
- Dempsey, J.M. 1975. Fiber Crops. The University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
- Dicks, M., Jobes, R., Wells, B. and Zhang, J. 1992. Kenaf: Potential Alternative Forage for the Southern Plains Stocker Cattle Enterprise. Curr. Farm Econ. Agricultural Experiment Station, Division Agriculture, Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK.
- Gaspari, F. 1990. Insilamento del foraggio di ibisco. L'Informatore Agrario 46(25):44-46.
- Han, S.E., Sung, K.I. Cho, D.H. Jin, C.W. and Kim, B.W. 2006. Effect of planting density, cultivar and growing days on the dry matter yield and forage quality of Kenaf in Cheorwon, Korea. Korean Grassland Science. 26(4):285-292. https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2006.26.4.285
- Hancock, T.W., Parker, J.P. Hibberd, C.A. and Dicks, M.R. 1993. Kenaf vs. alfalfa hay for growing beef cattle. Animal Science Research Report, Agricultural Experimental Station, Oklahoma State University, P-933, pp. 143-147.
- Hollowell, J.E. and Baldwin, B.S. 1997. Effects of fertilizer application, row spacing and harvest cycle on kenaf's potential forage application. In International Kenaf Association 9th Annual Conference, Scottsdale, AZ. p 47. International Kenaf Association., Ladonia, TX.
- Kazuko, H., Yuki, W. Toshiko, M. and Hiroshi, I. 2004. Utilization of dried kenaf leaves to the foods (3)-Chinpi (H. canabinus L) and Roselle (H. subdariffa L). Journal of the Intergrated Study of Dietary Habits. Vol. 15. No. 1. pp. 54-60. https://doi.org/10.2740/jisdh.15.54
- Killinger, G. B. 1969. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), A multi-use crop. Agronomy Journal. 61:734- 741. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1969.00021962006100050025x
- Kim, B.W. Kim, G.S. and Sung, K.I. 2004. Effect of lactic acid bacteria and formic acid on the silage quality of whole crop rice at different maturity. Korean Grassland Science 24(1):61-70. https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2004.24.1.061
- Kung, L. and Shaver, R. 2001. Interpretation and use of silage fermentation analysis reports. Focus on Forage. Vol 3: No. 13.
- Muck, R.E. 1987. Dry matter effects on alfalfa silage quality. 1. Nitrogen transformation. Transaction of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 30:7-14. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.30393
- Muck, R.E. and Dickerson, J.T. 1988. Storage temperature effects on proteolysis in alfalfa silage. Transaction of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 31:1005-1009. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.30813
- Muir, J.P. 2001. Dairy compost, variety and stand age effects on kenaf forage yield, nitrogen and phosphorus concentration and uptake. Agronomy Journal. 93:1169-1173. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.9351169x
- Najid, M.A. and Ismawaty, N. 2001. Production and processing of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinas L.) as animal feed procdution. 23rd Malaysian Society of Animal Production Annual Conference. 27-29 May 2001, Langawi Malaysia, pp:158-159.
- Pearson, D. and Muslemuddin, M. 1968. The accurate determination of volatile nitrogen in meat and fish. Journal of Association Public Analysis. 6, 117-123.
- Pinkerton, B.W. and Cross, D.L. 1992. Forage quality. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Forage Leaflet 16.
- Ranjit, N.K. and Kung, L. 2000. The effect of Lactobcillusbuchneri, Lactobacillus plantarum, or a chemical preservative on the fermentation and aerobic stability of corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science. Vol. 83. Issue 3.pp 526-535. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(00)74912-5
- SAS, 2001. SAS User's Guide. Version. 9.1. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
- Suriyajantratong, W., Tucker, R.E. Sigafus, R.E. and Mitchell, Jr. G.E. 1973. Kenaf and rice straw for sheep. Journal of Animal Science. 37:1251. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1973.3751251x
- Swingle, R.S., Urias, A.R. Doyle, J.C. and Voight, R.L. 1978. Chemical composition of kenaf forage and its indigestibility by lambs and in vitro. Journal of Animal Science. 46:1346-1350. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1978.4651346x
- Taylor, C.S. and Kugler, D.E. 1992. Kenaf: Annual fiber crop productions generate a growing response from industry. p. 92-98. In 1992 Yearbook of Agriculture. Office of Publishing and Visual Communication USDA, Washington. DC.
- Van Vuuren, A.M., Klop, A. Van Der Korlen, C.J. and De Visser, H. 1999. Starch and stage of maturity of grass silage: site of digestion and intestinal nutrient supply in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 82, 143-152. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(99)75218-5
- Webber, C.L. and Bledoe, V.K. 2002. Plant maturity and kenaf yield components. Industrial Crops and Products. 16, 81-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6690(02)00011-0
- Wildeus, S., Bhardwaj, H.L. Rangappa, M. and Webber, III. C.L. 1995. Consumption of chopped kenaf by Spanish goats. Proceeding 7th International Kenaf Conference, Irving. TX. 9-10 March, Internal Kenaf Association., Ladonia, TX.
- Wing, J. M. 1967. Ensilability, acceptability and digestibility of kenaf. Feedstuffs. 39(29):26.
- Xiccato G., Trocino, A. and Carazzolo, A. 1998. Ensiling and nutritive value of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus). Animal Feed Science & Technology. 71:229-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(97)00158-2