DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Electric Field Energy Harvesting Powered Wireless Sensors for Smart Grid

  • Chang, Keun-Su (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kang, Sung-Muk (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Park, Kyung-Jin (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Shin, Seung-Hwan (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong-Seok (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Kim, Ho-Seong (Dept. of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Chung-Ang University)
  • Received : 2011.10.28
  • Accepted : 2011.12.13
  • Published : 2012.01.01

Abstract

In this paper, a new energy harvesting technology using stray electric field of an electric power line is presented. It is found that energy can be harvested and stored in the storage capacitor that is connected to a cylindrical aluminum foil wrapped around a commercial insulated 220 V power line. The average current flowing into 47 ${\mu}F$ storage capacitor is about 4.53 ${\mu}A$ with 60 cm long cylindrical aluminum foil, and it is possible to operate wireless sensor node to transmit RF data every 42 seconds. The harvested average power is about 47 ${\mu}W$ in this case. Since the energy can be harvested without removing insulating sheath, it is believed that the proposed harvesting technology can be applied to power the sensor nodes in wireless ubiquitous sensor network and smart grid system.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Chung-Ang University

References

  1. Cian O' Mathuna, Terence O'Donnell, Rafael V. Martinez-Catala, James Rohan and Brendan O'Flynn, "Energy scavenging for long-term deployable wireless sensor networks", Talanta, vol. 75, issue. 3, pp.613-623, May. 2008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.12.021
  2. Joseph A. Paradiso and Thad Starner, "Energy Scavenging for Mobile and Wireless Electronics", IEEE Pervasive Computing, vol. 4, issue. 1, pp.18-27, Jan/March. 2005. https://doi.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.9
  3. Kurt Roth and James Brodrick, "Energy Harvesting For Wireless Sensors", ASHRAE Journal, vol. 50, issue. 5, pp.84-90, May 2008.
  4. Rohit Moghe, Yi Yang, Frank Lambert and Deepak Divan, "A Scoping Study of Electric and Magnetic Field Energy Harvesting for Wireless Sensor Networks in Power System Applications", IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp.3550-3557, 20-24. Sept. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2009.5316052
  5. H.S. Kim, S.-M. Kang, K.-J. Park, C.-W. Baek and J.-S. Park, "Power management circuit for wireless ubiquitous sensor nodes powered by scavenged energy", Electronics Letters, vol. 45, issue. 7, pp.373-374, March. 2009. https://doi.org/10.1049/el.2009.2477
  6. Nathan S. Shenck and Joseph A. Paradiso, "Energy Scavenging with Shoe-Mounted Piezoelectrics", IEEE Micro, vol. 21, issue. 3, pp.30-42, May/Jun. 2001. https://doi.org/10.1109/40.928763

Cited by

  1. Electric-Field Energy Harvesting From Lighting Elements for Battery-Less Internet of Things vol.5, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2690968
  2. Piezoelectric and electromagnetic hybrid energy harvester for powering wireless sensor nodes in smart grid vol.29, pp.10, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-015-0928-x
  3. An Approach for Security Problems in Visual Surveillance Systems by Combining Multiple Sensors and Obstacle Detection vol.10, pp.3, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5370/JEET.2015.10.3.1284
  4. Wireless Sensor Network Based Smart Grid Communications: Cyber Attacks, Intrusion Detection System and Topology Control vol.6, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics6010005
  5. Piezoelectric and dielectric properties of 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3–0.02Ba(ZrxTi(1−x))O3 ceramics vol.47, pp.10, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2012.04.095
  6. A Comprehensive WSN-Based Approach to Efficiently Manage a Smart Grid vol.14, pp.12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3390/s141018748
  7. Electrical properties of lead-free 0.98(Na0.5K0.5Li0.1)NbO3-0.02Ba(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 ceramics by sintering temperature vol.8, pp.3, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13391-012-2002-5
  8. Piezoelectric Properties of ZnO-Doped 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02Ba(Zr0.52Ta0.48)O3 Ceramics vol.140, pp.1, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1080/10584587.2012.741865
  9. Electrodynamic energy harvester for electrical transformer’s temperature monitoring system vol.40, pp.7, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-015-0429-8
  10. Powerless Insulated DC–AC Voltage Measurement by Photovoltaic Energy Harvesting from a P–N Collector–Base Junction in an Opto-Insulator vol.47, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1177/0020294013517450
  11. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of 0.95(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.05CaTiO3 ceramics with Ag2O contents vol.8, pp.6, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13391-012-2072-4
  12. The Role of Advanced Sensing in Smart Cities vol.13, pp.12, 2012, https://doi.org/10.3390/s130100393
  13. Effect of sintering temperatures on the piezoelectric and dielectric properties of 0.98(Na0.5K0.5)NbO3-0.02(Ba0.5Ca0.5)TiO3 ceramics vol.9, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13391-012-2160-5
  14. Smart Cities: A Survey on Data Management, Security, and Enabling Technologies vol.19, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2017.2736886
  15. Electric-Field Energy Harvesting in Wireless Networks vol.24, pp.2, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1109/MWC.2017.1600215
  16. Magnetic Field Energy Harvesting Under Overhead Power Lines vol.30, pp.11, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2015.2436702
  17. Development of Gas Safety Management System for Smart-Home Services vol.9, pp.10, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/591027
  18. Energy Harvesting from the Stray Electromagnetic Field around the Electrical Power Cable for Smart Grid Applications vol.2016, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/3934289
  19. A Self-Powered 3.26--m Wireless Temperature Sensor Node for Power Grid Monitoring vol.65, pp.11, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2018.2811360