- Volume 31 Issue 4
DOI QR Code
Effect of Application Rate of Hairy Vetch on Ammonia Emission from Paddy Soil
논에서 헤어리베치 시용량에 따른 암모니아 휘산량 평가
- Kim, TaeYoung (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeonsang National University) ;
- Daquiado, Aileen Rose (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeonsang National University) ;
- Alam, Faridul (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeonsang National University) ;
- Lee, YongBok (Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeonsang National University)
- Received : 2012.12.03
- Accepted : 2012.12.18
- Published : 2012.12.31
BACKGROUND: Hairy ventch (Vicia villosa) is a good green manure for supplying nitrogen in arable soil. Ammonia emission from rice fields can occur, and the degree of this emission can be great. However, quantitative information of ammonia emission from paddy soil using green manure is required to obtain emission factors for rice cropping in Korea. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ammonia emission from flooding soil with different application rate of hairy vetch was measured using the closed chamber method. For this study, hairy vetch was applied at rates of 0 (control), 500 (H500), 1000 (H1000), 2000 (H2000), and 3000 (H3000) kg/ha (fresh matter basis). This experiment was conducted for 54 days under flooding condition. The total NH3 emission throughout the experiment period was 0.32, 0.54, 1.20, 4.20, and 6.20 kg/ha for control, H500, H1000, H2000, and H3000, respectively. The ratio of NH3 emission to applied nitrogen by hairy vetch for each treatment was 0.7, 1.4, 3.2, and 3.2% for H500, H1000, H2000, and H3000, respectively. CONCLUSION(S): A very small amount of ammonia emission was recorded in the present study. Therefore, the use of hairy vetch in paddy field instead of chemical fertilizer can reduce ammonia emissions.
Supported by : Rural Development Administration
- Berg, G., Brunsch, R., Pazxiczki, I., 2006. Greenhous gas emissions from covered slurry compared with uncovered during storage, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 112, 129-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2005.08.031
- Bouwman, A.F., Lee, D.S., Asman, W.A.H., Dentener, F.J., van der Hoek, K.W., Olivier, J.G.J., 1997. A global high-resolution emission inventory for ammonia, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 11, 561-587. https://doi.org/10.1029/97GB02266
- Fangmeier, A., Hadwigerfangmeier, A., Vandereerden, L., Jager, H.J., 1994. Effects of atmospheric ammonia on vegetation-A review, Environ. Pollut. 86, 43-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/0269-7491(94)90008-6
- Hayashi, K., Nishimura, S., Yagi, K., 2006. Ammonia volatilization from the surface of a Japanese paddy field during rice cultivation, Soil Sci. and Plant Nutri. 52, 545-555. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-0765.2006.00053.x
- Jeon, W.T., Seong, K.Y., Kim, M.T., Oh, G.J., Oh, I.S. Kang, U.G., 2010. Changes of soil physical properties by glomalin concentration and rice yield using different green manure crops in paddy, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43, 119-123.
- Kissel, D.E., Brewer, H.L., Arkin. G.F., 1977. Design and test of a field sampler for ammonia volatilization, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 41, 1133-1138. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1977.03615995004100060024x
- NIAST, 2000. Method of soil and plant analysis, National Institute of Agriculture Science and Technology. RDA, Suwon, Korea.