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농작물 재배지 토양 내 비소, 납 및 카드뮴의 농산물로의 전이계수 산출

Transfer Factor of Heavy Metals from Agricultural Soil to Agricultural Products

  • 김지영 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이지호 (새만금지방환경청 측정분석과) ;
  • ;
  • 강대원 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김민지 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 류지혁 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김두호 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이영자 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김원일 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부)
  • Kim, Ji-Young (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Ho (Division of Monitoring and Analysis, Saemangeum Regional Environmental Office, National Institute Environment Research) ;
  • Kunhikrishnan, Anitha (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kang, Dae-Won (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Min-Ji (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Yoo, Ji-Hyock (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Doo Ho (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Young-Ja (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Won Il (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 투고 : 2012.08.16
  • 심사 : 2012.12.18
  • 발행 : 2012.12.31

초록

본 연구에서는 농산물 중 중금속 함량과 토양 중 중금속 함량을 확인하여 이들의 상관성 및 전이계수를 확인하고자 하였다. 대상 농산물로는 곡류(쌀, 보리, 옥수수), 과채류(콩류, 상추류, 호박류, 사과류, 배류, 감귤류) 9종에 대한 주산단지를 중심으로 비소, 카드뮴 및 납의 함량을 조사하였다. 농산물 및 토양 중 중금속 함량을 조사한 결과 비소, 카드뮴, 납의 농산물로의 전이는 토양 내 이들의 침출성 함량이 주 영향요인으로 작용하였다. 비소의 전이계수는 평균 0.006~0.309, 카드뮴의 전이계수는 평균 0.002~6.185, 납은 평균 0.003~0.602로 카드뮴의 침출성 함량이 다른 금속에 비하여 전이계수가 높게 산정되었다. 토양 내 중금속 침출성 함량에 대한 농산물의 전이능 순서는 비소는 쌀(0.309), 카드뮴은 상추(6.185), 배(0.717), 납은 상추(0.602), 호박(0.536)순으로 비소의 경우 쌀에서, 카드뮴 및 납의 경우, 과채류에서 높게 나타났다. 쌀의 비소 함량은 토양 내 비소 전 함량과 높은 상관성(r=0.41, p < 0.05)을, 콩류 내 카드뮴 함량은 토양 내 카드뮴 전 함량과 높은 상관성(r=0.44, p < 0.05)을, 호박의 카드뮴 함량은 토양 내 카드뮴 전 함량과 높은 상관성(r=0.38, p < 0.05)을 나타내었으며, 영향을 미치는 주 요인으로 작용하였다. 본 연구 결과, 농산물 군에 따라 전이율이 다르나 본 연구 대상 농산물 중 비소의 경우 과채류에 비하여 곡류 중 쌀의 전이율이 높았으며, 이에 대한 기준 설정 및 추가 연구가 필요하며, 카드뮴 및 납은 토양과 근접한 상추 등과 같은 작물에서 높은 전이율을 나타내었다. 또한, 토양 중 중금속 함량이 증가함으로써 작물 내 중금속 함량이 증가함을 확인하였다. 추후 농산물에 대한 전이계수를 산출하면 토양에 따른 농산물의 흡수이행 함량을 예측할 수 있으며, 토양과 농산물간 위해성 평가 및 흡수이행 연구에 기여할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

키워드

Agricultural products;Heavy metals;Monitoring;Soils;Transfer-Factor (TF)

과제정보

연구 과제번호 : Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development

연구 과제 주관 기관 : Rural Development Administration

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피인용 문헌

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