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Transfer Factor of Heavy Metals from Agricultural Soil to Agricultural Products

농작물 재배지 토양 내 비소, 납 및 카드뮴의 농산물로의 전이계수 산출

  • Kim, Ji-Young (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Ji-Ho (Division of Monitoring and Analysis, Saemangeum Regional Environmental Office, National Institute Environment Research) ;
  • Kunhikrishnan, Anitha (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kang, Dae-Won (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Min-Ji (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Yoo, Ji-Hyock (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Doo Ho (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Lee, Young-Ja (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration) ;
  • Kim, Won Il (Department of Agro-Food Safety, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration)
  • 김지영 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이지호 (새만금지방환경청 측정분석과) ;
  • ;
  • 강대원 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김민지 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 류지혁 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김두호 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 이영자 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부) ;
  • 김원일 (국립농업과학원 농산물안전성부)
  • Received : 2012.08.16
  • Accepted : 2012.12.18
  • Published : 2012.12.31

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Transfer Factor (TF) of heavy metals from soil to plant is important, because TF is an indicator of heavy metal in soils and a factor that quantifies bioavailability of heavy metals to agricultural products. This study was conducted to investigate the transfer ability of Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), and Lead (Pb) from soil to agricultural products. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated heavy metals (As, Cd and Pb) concentrations in 9 agricultural products (rice, barely, corn, pulse, lettuce, pumpkin, apple, pear, tangerin) and soil. TF of agricultural products was evaluated based on total and HCl-extractable soil concentration of As, Cd, and Pb. Regression analysis was used to predict the relationship of total and HCl-extractable concentration with agricultural product contents of As, Cd, and Pb. The result showed that TF was investigated average 0.006~0.309 (As), 0.002~6.185 (Cd), 0.003~0.602 (Pb). The mean TF value was the highest as rice 0.309 in As, lettuce 6.185, pear 0.717, rice 0.308 in Cd, lettuce 0.602, pumpkin 0.536 in Pb which were dependent on the vegetable species and cereal is showed higher than fruit-vegetables in As. CONCLUSION(S): Soil HCl-extractable concentration of As, Cd, and Pb had the larger effects on thier contents in agricultural products than total soil concentrations. We suggests that TF are served as influential factor on the prediction of uptake. Further study for uptake and accumulation mechanism of toxic metals by agricultural products will be required to assess the human health risk and need TF of more agricultural products.

Keywords

Agricultural products;Heavy metals;Monitoring;Soils;Transfer-Factor (TF)

Acknowledgement

Grant : Research Program for Agricultural Science & Technology Development

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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