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한우암소고기의 연령이 등심 및 우둔부위 일반성분 및 육질에 미치는 영향

조수현;성필남;강근호;최순호;장선식;강선문;박경미;김영춘;홍성구;박범영
Cho, Soohyun;Seong, Pilnam;Kang, Geunho;Choi, Soonho;Chang, Sunsik;Kang, Sun Moon;Park, Kyung Mi;Kim, Youngchun;Hong, Sunggu;Park, Beom Young

  • 투고 : 2012.09.17
  • 심사 : 2012.11.12
  • 발행 : 2012.12.31

초록

본 연구의 목적은 한우 암소(2-15세) 총 126두를 연령그룹별(그룹 1, 5세 이하; 그룹 2, 6-8세; 그룹 3, 9세 이상)로 구분하여 등심(loin) 또는 우둔(top round) 부위의 이화학적 육질특성을 조사하여 비교하고자 실시하였다. 등심과 우둔 모두 연령그룹 1이 연령그룹 2 또는 3 보다 근내지방 함량이 높았고(p<0.05) 단백질함량은 등심에서는 연령그룹 1이 유의적으로 낮았으나 우둔부위에서는 연령그룹간에 차이가 없었다. 콜라겐 함량은 등심은 연령그룹간 유의적인 차이가 없었으나 우둔은 연령그룹 3이 다른 연령그룹들보다 유의적으로 낮았다(p<0.05). 육색은 등심의 경우 연령그룹 1이 연령그룹 3 보다 $L^*$값(백색도)과 $a^*$값(적색도)이 유의적으로 높았고(p<0.05) 우둔은 $a^*$값만 유의적으로 높았다(p<0.05). 또한 연령 그룹 1의 등심이 연령그룹 3보다 가열감량(%)이 낮고 보수력은 높았다(p<0.05). 전단력은 등심과 우둔 모두 연령그룹 3이 연령그룹 1과 2보다 높았다(p<0.05). 지방산 조성에서 총포화지방산(SFA) 함량은 등심은 연령그룹 3이 그룹 1보다 유의적으로 더 높았고 우둔은 연령그룹 1이 총단일불포화지방산(MUFA) 함량이 연령그룹 3보다 높았고(p<0.05), 다가불포화 지방산(PUFA) 함량은 낮았다(p<0.05). 유리아미노산 함량 비교에서 연령그룹에 관계없이 alanine이 가장 많았고 다음이 glutamine, glycine, isoleucine, proline 등이었다. 한편, threonine, alanine, valine, methionine, phenylalanine, leucine 및 lysine 함량은 연령그룹 1이 가장 높았다(p<0.05). 향기성분은 3-methylbutanal, furfural, octanal, 케톤류의 1-(acetyloxy)-2-propanone, 알코올류의 1-octanol, 피라진류의 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2-ethyl-2,5-dimethylpyrazine 성분함량이 연령층이 증가할수록 증가하는 경향을 나타냈다(p<0.05). 결론적으로 한우암소고기는 연령대에 따라 고기내 성분조성 및 육질에 차이가 있었으므로 이러한 특성을 고려하여 부위 또는 요리방법에 적합한 활용 또는 가공방법을 결정해야 할 것이다.

키워드

Hanwoo cow beef;age;meat quality;nutritional composition;flavor compounds

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연구 과제 주관 기관 : 국립축산과학원