Development of Relational Formula between Groundwater Pumping Rate and Streamflow Depletion

지하수 양수량과 하천수 감소량간 상관관계식 개발

  • Received : 2012.06.26
  • Accepted : 2012.08.21
  • Published : 2012.12.31


The objective of this study is to develop the relational formula to estimate the streamflow depletion due to groundwater pumping near stream, which has been statistically derived by using the simulated data. The integrated surface water and groundwater model, SWAT-MODFLOW was applied to the Sinduncheon and Juksancheon watersheds to obtain the streamflow depletion data under various pumping conditions. Through the multiple regression analyses for the simulated streamflow depletion data, the relational formula between the streamflow depletion rate and various factors such as pumping rate, distance between well and stream, hydraulic properties in/near stream, amount of rainfall was obtained. The derived relational formula is easy to apply for assessing the effects of groundwater pumping on near stream, and is expected to be a tool for estimate the streamflow contribution to the pumped water.


near stream;groundwater pumping;streamflow depletion;SWAT-MODFLOW;multiple regression analysis


  1. Arnold, J.G., Allen, P.M., and Bernhardt, G. (1993). "A comprehensive surface groundwater flow model." Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 142, pp. 47-69.
  2. Butler, J.J. Jr., Zhan, X., and Zlotnik, V.A. (2007). "Pumping- Induced Drawdown and Stream Depletion in a Leaky Aquifer System." Ground Water, Vol. 45, No. 2, pp. 178-186.
  3. Butler, J.J. Jr., Zlotnik, V.A., and Tsou, M.-S. (2001). "Drawdown and Stream Depletion Produced by Pumping in the Vicinity of a Partially Penetrating Stream." Ground Water, Vol. 39, No. 5, pp. 651-659.
  4. Construction and Transportation Ministry, Korea Water Resources Corporation, and Korea Rural Community (2007). Basic groundwater investigation for Anseong province.
  5. Environment Canterbury (2000). Guidelines for the assessment of groundwater abstraction effects on stream flow.
  6. Gyeonggi Provincial Government (2006). General planning on Bokha stream maintanance.
  7. Hantush, M.S. (1965). "Wells near streams with semipervious beds." Jounal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 7012, pp. 2829-2838.
  8. Hunt, B. (1999). "Unsteady stream depletion from ground water pumping." Ground Water, Vol. 371, pp. 98-102.
  9. Hunt, B. (2003). "Unsteady stream depletion when pumping from semiconfined aquifer." Journal ofHydrologic Engineering, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 13-19.
  10. Hunt, B. (2009). "Stream depletion in a two-layer leaky aquifer system." Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 9, pp. 895-903.
  11. Hunt, B., Weir, J., and Clausen, B. (2001). "A stream depletion field experiment." Ground Water, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 283-289.
  12. Kim, H.S., and Jeong, J.H. (2009). "Numerical analysis of horizontal collector well in riverbank filtration." Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 1-10.
  13. Kim, N.W., Chung, I.M., and Won, Y.S. (2004). "The Development of fully coupled SWAT-MODFLOW model (I): Model development." Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, KWRA, Vol. 37, No. 11, pp. 499-507.
  14. Kim, N.W., Chung, I.M., Won, Y.S., and Arnold, J.G. (2008). "Development and application of the integrated SWAT-MODFLOW model." Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 356, pp. 1-16.
  15. Kim, N.W., Lee, J., Chung, I.M., and Kim, C.H. (2012). "Analysis of groundwater-stream interaction according to groundwater abstraction near Vinyl house area." Journal of Korea Water Resources Association, KWRA, Vol. 45, No. 12, pp. 1259-1273.
  16. Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2010a). Study on estimation of optimal groundwater development rates, pp. 140-242.
  17. Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, and Han River Flood Control Office (2011). Assessment of streamflow depletion according to groundwater withdrawals near stream, p. 126.
  18. Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, and Korea Water Resources Corporation (2011). Basic groundwater investigation for Icheon province.
  19. Nyholm, T., Christensen, S., and Rasmussen, K.R. (2001). "Flow depletion in a small stream caused by groundwater abstraction from wells." Ground Water, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 425-437.
  20. Nyholm, T., Rasmussen, K.R., and Christensen, S. (2003). "Estimation of stream flow depletion and uncertainty from discharge measurements in a small alluvial stream." Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 274, pp. 129-144.
  21. Singh, S.K. (2000). "Rate and volume of stream depletion due to pumping." Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 126, No. 5, pp. 336-338.
  22. Singh, S.K. (2005). "Rate and volume of stream flow depletion due to unsteady pumping." Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 6, pp. 539-545.
  23. Sophocleous, M., Koussis, A., Martin, J.L., and Perkins, S.P. (1995). "Evaluation of simplified stream-aquifer depletion models for water rights administration." Ground Water, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 579-588.
  24. Theis, C.V. (1941). "The effect of a well on the flow of a nearby stream." Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 734-738.
  25. Gyeonggi Provincial Government (2006). General planning on Bokha stream maintanance.

Cited by

  1. Evaluation of stream depletion from groundwater pumping in shallow aquifer using the Hunt’s analytical solution vol.49, pp.11, 2016,
  2. Assessment of Effects of Groundwater Pumping from Deep Aquifer on Streamflow Depletion vol.48, pp.9, 2015,


Grant : 하천변 지하수 이용에 따른 영향 평가

Supported by : 국토해양부