Analysis of Esophageal Cancer Time Trends in China, 1989-2008

  • Zhao, Jun (Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences) ;
  • He, Yu-Tong (Department of Flow Cytometry, The Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University) ;
  • Zheng, Rong-Shou (National Office for Cancer Prevention and Control, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Zhang, Si-Wei (National Office for Cancer Prevention and Control, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences) ;
  • Chen, Wan-Qing (National Office for Cancer Prevention and Control, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences)
  • Published : 2012.09.30


National cancer incidence data were utilized to analyze trends in esophageal cancer incidence in China in order to provide basic information for making cancer control strategy. We retrieved and re-sorted valid esophageal cancer incidence data from National Central Cancer Registry Database over 20 years period from 1989 to 2008. Crude incidence and age-standardized incidence rates were calculated for analysis, with annual percent change estimated by Joinpoint software for long term trend analysis. The crude incidence rate of esophageal cancer was found to have remained relatively stable in both urban and rural areas over the 20 year period. Age standardized incidence rate (ASR) in cancer registration areas decreased from 39.5/100,000 in 1989 to 23.0/100,000 in 2008 in all areas (AAPC=-3.3%, 95% CI:-2.8~-3.7). The trend was no change in urban areas and 2.1% average annual decrease observed in rural aras. Before the year of 2000, esophageal cancer incidence rates significant decreased with 2.8% annually and then the rates kept stable. Over 20 years from 1989 to 2008, esophageal cancer age standardized incidence rate in cancer registration areas decreased with time. However, esophageal cancer is still a big issue and efforts for control should be continuously enhanced. Cancer registration is playing an important role in cancer control with the number of registries increasing and data quality improving in China.


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