- Volume 13 Issue 9
DOI QR Code
Current Status of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) and Screening for Cervical Cancer in Countries at Different Levels of Development
- Raychaudhuri, Sreejata (Department of Community Medicine, North Bengal Medical College) ;
- Mandal, Sukanta (Department of Community Medicine, North Bengal Medical College)
- Published : 2012.09.30
Cancer of the uterine cervix is a worldwide menace taking innumerable womens' lives. The literature is vast and a large number of studies have been conducted in this field. Analyses have shown significant differences exist in terms of screening and HPV testing facilities among high income and low to middle income countries. In addition, acute lack of awareness and knowledge among the concerned population is particularly noted in rural areas of the low income countries. A detailed review of Indian case studies revealed that early age of marriage and childbirth, multiparity, poor personal hygiene and low socio-economic status among others are the principal risk factors for this disease. This review concludes that a two pronged strategy involving strong government and NGO action is necessary to minimize the occurrence of cervical cancer especially in low and medium income countries.
- Asthana, S., Satyanarayana, L (2007). Prevention and control of uterine cervical cancer: current strategies. Indian J Community Medicine, 32, 233-4. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-0218.36845
- Dasgupta A, Naskar NN, Ram R, Deb S(2002). A community based study on the prevalence of risk factors of cancer cervix in married women of a rural area of West Bengal. Indian J Community Medicine, 27, 35-8.
- Dhamija S, Sehgal A, Luthra UK, Sehgal K (1993). Factors associated with awareness and knowledge of cervical cancer in a community: implication for health education programmes in developing countries. J R Soc Health, 113, 184-6. https://doi.org/10.1177/146642409311300407
- Ghotbi N, Anai A (2012). Assessment of knowledge and attitude of female students towards cervical cancer prevention at an international university in Japan. Asian Pacific J Cancer Prev, 13, 897-900. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.3.897
- Hoque M, Hoque E, Kader SB (2008). Evaluation of cervical cancer screening program at a rural community of South Africa. East Afr. J Public Health, 5, 111-6.
- Jemal A, Thomas A, Qualls CR, Key CR(2002). Cancer statistics 2002. Cancer J Clin, 52, 23-47 https://doi.org/10.3322/canjclin.52.1.23
- Joy T, Sathian B, Bhattarai C, Chacko J (2011). Awareness of cervix cancer risk factors in educated youth: A crosssectional, questionnaire based survey in India, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 1707-12.
- Kim Y T (2009). Current status of cervical cancer and HPV infection in Korea. J Gynecol Oncol, 20, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.3802/jgo.2009.20.1.1
- Lea JS, Sheets EE, Wenham RM (2002). Stage IIIB-IVB cervical adenocarcinoma : prognostic factors and survival. Gynecol Oncol, 84, 115-9. https://doi.org/10.1006/gyno.2001.6473
- Liu S, Semenciw R, Probert A, Mao Y (2001). Cervical cancer in Canada: changing patterns in incidence and mortality. Int J Genaecol Cancer, 11, 24-31. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1438.2001.011001024.x
- Lowy DR, Solomon D, Hildeshein A, Schiller JT, Schiffman M (2008). Human papiloma virus infection and the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer. Cancer, 113, , 1980-93. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.23704
- Mathew A, George PS (2009). Trends in incidence and mortality rates of squamous cell carcinoma and adeno carcinoma of Cervix-world wide. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 10, 645-50.
- McFarlene-Anderson N, Bazuaye PE, Jackson MD, Smikle M, Fletcher HM (2008). Cervical dysplasia and cancer and the use of hormonal contraceptives in Jamaican women. BMC Women's Health, 8, 9-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-8-9
- Mitra S (2009). Study of the risk factors for cancer cervix in a speciality hospital in Kolkata. J of Community Medicine, 5, 1-5.
- Mutyba T, Mmiro FA, Weiderpass E (2006). Knowledge, attitudes and practices on cervical cancer screening among the medical workers of Mulago hospital, Uganda. BMC Med Edu, 1, 6-13.
- Nandakumar A, Anantha N, Venugopal TC (1995). Incidence, mortality and survival in cancer of the cervix in Bangalore. India. Br J Cancer, 71, 1348-52 https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.1995.262
- Phongsavan K, Phengsavanh A, Wahlström R, Marions L (2010). Women's perception of cervical cancer and its prevention in rural Laos. Int J Gynecol Cancer, 20, 821-6. https://doi.org/10.1111/IGC.0b013e3181daaefb
- Puri S, Mangat C, Bhatia V, Kaur AP, Kohli DR (2010). Knowledge of cancer and its risk factors in Chandigarh, India. Internet J of Epidemiology, 8, 1-7.
- Raychaudhuri S, Mandal S (2012). Socio-demographic and behavioral risk factors for cervical cancer and knowledge, attitude and practice in rural and urban areas of North Bengal, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 1093-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.4.1093
- Ruffin MT, Gorenflo Dw, Woodman B (2000). Predictors of screening for breast, cervical, colorectal, and prostatic cancer among community based primary care practices. J Am Board Fam Pract, 13, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.3122/jabfm.13.1.1
- Saha A, ChaudhuryN, Bhowmik P, et al (2010). Awareness of cervical cancer among female students of premier colleges in Kolkata, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 11, 1085-90.
- Sankaranarayanan R, Bhatia N, Gravitt PE, et al (2008). prevention of cervical cancer in the asia pacific region: progress and challenges on hpv vaccination and screening. Vaccine, 26, M43-M52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.05.005
- Seth T, Kotwal A, Thakur R, Singh P, Kochupillai V (2005). Common cancers in India: Knowledge, attitude and behavoiur of urban slum dwellers in New Delhi. Public Health, 119, 87-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2004.05.013
- Smith HO, Tiffany MF, Qualls CR, Key CR (2000). The rising incidence of adenocarcinoma relative to squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix in the United States-a 24 year population based study. Gynecol Oncol, 78, 97-105 https://doi.org/10.1006/gyno.2000.5826
- Stockton D, Cooper P, Lansdale RL (1997). Changing incidence of invasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in East Anglia. J.Med Screen, 4, 40-3.
- Terefe Y, Gaym A (2008). Knowledge, attitude and practice of screening for carcinoma of the cervix among reproductive health clients at three teaching hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Ethiopian J Of Reproductive Health, 2, 14-7.
- Tran NT, Choe SI, Taylor R, et al (2011). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) concerning cervical cancer and screening among rural and urban women in six provinces of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 12, 3029-33.
- Varghese C, Amma N S, Chitrathara K, et al (1999). Risk factors for cervical dysplasia in Kerala, India. Bull WHO, 77, 281-3.
- Vu LTH, Bui D (2012). Prevalence of cervical Human Papilloma Virus infection among married women in Vietnam, 2011. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 37-40. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.1.037
- Qurieshi MA, Manzoor NA, AsiyaW, Ahmad SZ (2010). Community based screening of cervical cancer in a low prevalence area of India: a cross sectional study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prevention, 11, 231-4.
- Zhang HY, Tiggelaar SM, Sahasrabuddhe VV, et al (2012). HPV prevalence and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia among HIV infected women in Yunnan province, China. A pilot study. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, 13, 91-6. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2012.13.1.091
- Nested Multiplex PCR Based Detection of Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Carcinoma Patients of North- East India vol.14, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2013.14.2.785
- Community Knowledge and Experience of Mosquitoes and Personal Prevention and Control Practices in Lhasa, Tibet vol.11, pp.9, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110909919
- Understanding and Responsiveness Level about Cervical Cancer and its Avoidance among Young Women of Pakistan vol.15, pp.12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.12.4877
- Evaluation of an Educational Program on Cervical Cancer for Rural Women in Mangalore, Southern India vol.15, pp.16, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.16.6603
- Women's Perceptions and Attitudes about Cervical Cancer in Turkey: Kato's Device as an Alternative to the Pap Smear vol.15, pp.2, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.2.905
- Cervical Cancer Trends in Mexico: Incidence, Mortality and Research Output vol.15, pp.20, 2014, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8689
- CD44 affects the expression level of FOS-like antigen 1 in cervical cancer tissues vol.9, pp.5, 2014, https://doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2014.2010
- Illness Representations of Cancer among Healthy Residents of Kolkata, India vol.16, pp.2, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.2.845
- Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Types and Phylogenetic Analysis of HPV-16 L1 Variants from Southern India vol.16, pp.5, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.5.2073
- Update knowledge on cervical cancer incidence and prevalence in Asia vol.16, pp.9, 2015, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.9.3617
- Cervical cancer stem cells vol.48, pp.6, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1111/cpr.12216
- Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding HPV Vaccination Among Medical and Para Medical in Students, India a Cross Sectional Study vol.16, pp.18, 2016, https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.18.8473
- Knowledge of cervical cancer and HPV vaccine in Bangladeshi women: a population based, cross-sectional study vol.18, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0510-7
- Burden of cervical neoplasia in mid-western rural Nepal: a population-based study vol.29, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.3802/jgo.2018.29.e64